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Constant exposure to bright light induces photoreceptor degeneration and at the same time upregulates the expression of several neurotrophic factors in the retina. At issue is whether the induced neurotrophic factors protect photoreceptors. We used a preconditioning paradigm to show that animals preconditioned with bright light became resistant to(More)
The role of caspase-3 in photoreceptor degeneration was examined in a line of transgenic rats that carry a rhodopsin mutation S334ter. Photoreceptor degeneration in these animals is rapid. It is detected as early as postnatal day (PD) 8, and by PD 20, only one of the original 12 rows of nuclei remain in the outer nuclear layer. At PD 11 and 12, the number(More)
PURPOSE Alpha2-adrenergic agonists have specific and selective effects on the retina to induce expression of basic fibroblast growth factor and to protect photoreceptors. This work explores the signaling pathway that mediates these effects. METHODS Alpha2-adrenergic agonists xylazine and clonidine were administered systemically to male adult(More)
Human adipose-derived stromal cells (hASCs) represent a multipotent stromal cell type with a proven capacity to undergo osteogenic differentiation. Many hurdles exist, however, between current knowledge of hASC osteogenesis and their potential future use in skeletal tissue regeneration. The impact of frozen storage on hASC osteogenic differentiation, for(More)
PURPOSE Skeletal and craniofacial muscles are frequently composed of multiple neuromuscular compartments that serve different physiological functions. Evidence of possible regional selectivity in LR intramuscular innervation was sought in a study of the anatomic potential of lateral rectus (LR) muscle compartmentalization. METHODS Whole orbits of two(More)
Human adipose-derived stromal cells (hASCs) have the proven capacity to ossify skeletal defects. The mechanisms whereby hASCs stimulate bone repair are not fully understood. In this study, we examined the potential for hASCs to stimulate autogenous repair of a mouse calvarial defect. Immunofluoresence, osteogenic stains, and surface electron microscopy were(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have demonstrated that human adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) are able to repair acute calvarial injuries. The more clinically relevant repair of an established skeletal defect, however, has not been addressed. The authors sought to determine whether human ASCs could heal chronic (established) calvarial defects. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine distribution of bifid mandibular canals in a Taiwanese population and to evaluate factors contributing to the phenomenon. MATERIAL AND METHODS Computed tomographic images from 173 subjects (97 females and 76 males) were obtained using a 64-slice multidetector computerized tomography system, and the presence of bifid mandibular(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) on forward-scatter of light and subjective visual symptoms and to identify LPI parameters influencing these phenomena. DESIGN Cohort study derived from a randomized trial, using an external control group. PARTICIPANTS Chinese subjects initially aged 50 or older and 70 years or younger(More)
BACKGROUND A major hurdle in the use of exogenous stems cells for therapeutic regeneration of injured myocardium remains the poor survival of implanted cells. To date, the delivery of stem cells into myocardium has largely focused on implantation of cell suspensions. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We hypothesize that delivering progenitor cells in an(More)