Michelle P Mcintosh

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Increasing the expression of Hsp70 (heat-shock protein 70) can inhibit sensory neuron degeneration after axotomy. Since the onset of DPN (diabetic peripheral neuropathy) is associated with the gradual decline of sensory neuron function, we evaluated whether increasing Hsp70 was sufficient to improve several indices of neuronal function. Hsp90 is the master(More)
The systemic delivery of drugs via the inhaled route is an attractive, needle-free means of improving the systemic exposure of molecules such as peptides and proteins that are poorly absorbed after oral administration. Directed delivery into the lungs also provides a means of increasing drug concentrations at the site of action for lung-specific disease(More)
To evaluate the potential role of intestinal lymphatic transport in the absorption and oral bioavailability of members of an emerging class of anti-atherosclerosis drugs (CETP inhibitors). CP524,515 and CP532,623 are structurally related with eLogD7.4 >5; however, only CP524,515 (and not CP532,623) had sufficient solubility (>50 mg/g) in long-chain(More)
Chlorpromazine is an antipsychotic agent with poor aqueous solubility. Complexation with SBE(7)-beta-CD can aid intravenous delivery through increasing the apparent solubility of chlorpromazine. However, chlorpromazine has also been known to self-associate. This self-association can influence its capacity to interact with other chemical species, such as(More)
Synthesis of the androgen dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) by the fetal adrenal gland is important for placental estrogen production and may also be important for modulating the effects of glucocorticoids on the developing brain. The presence of cortisol in spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus) blood led us to determine whether the adrenal gland of this precocial(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Since the 1950s, ultrasonic nebulizers have played an important role in pulmonary drug delivery. As the process in which aerosol droplets are generated is independent and does not require breath-actuation, ultrasonic nebulizers, in principle, offer the potential for instantaneously fine-tuning the dose administered to the specific(More)
In this study, we report the formulation and in vivo evaluation of etomidate in an aqueous solution using sulfobutyl ether-7 beta-cyclodextrin (SBE-CD, Captisol) as a solubilizing agent. The phase-solubility behavior of etomidate as a function of SBE-CD concentration was evaluated, and accelerated solution stability studies of 2 mg/mL etomidate in a 5% w/v(More)
Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies are currently delivered mainly via the intravenous route, since large volumes are often required to deliver a therapeutic dose. Administration via the subcutaneous route would have several therapeutic advantages; the absorption mechanisms for antibodies dosed subcutaneously are poorly understood. This study was conducted to(More)
The generation of supersaturation in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is an increasingly popular means of promoting oral absorption for poorly water-soluble drugs. The current study examined the impact of changes to the quantities of medium-chain (MC) lipid (Captex 300:Capmul MCM), surfactant (Cremophor EL) and cosolvent (EtOH), and the addition of polymeric(More)
The purpose of these studies was to determine the distribution of a lipophilic antimalarial agent, halofantrine hydrochloride (Hf), in fasted plasma from hypo-, normo-, and hyperlipidemic patients that displayed differences in lipoprotein concentration and lipid transfer protein I (LTP I) activity. To assess the influence of modified lipoprotein(More)