Michelle P Flores

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Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. phaseoli CFN42 contains six plasmids (pa to pf), and pd has been shown to be the symbiotic plasmid. To determine the participation of the other plasmids in cellular functions, we used a positive selection scheme to isolate derivatives cured of each plasmid. These were obtained for all except one (pe), of which only deleted(More)
Based on the DNA sequence of the symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium strain NGR234, we predicted potential rearrangements generated by homologous recombination. All predicted rearrangements were identified experimentally by using a PCR-based methodology. Thus, the predicted and the actual dynamic maps of the replicon coincide. By using an approach that does not(More)
Homology was previously detected between the DNA restriction fragments containing Rhizobium meliloti nodulation genes and the 90-MDa plasmid, p90, of Azospirillum brasilense Sp7. Two DNA loci from Sp7 genome that complement mutations in the exopolysaccharide synthesis genes, exoB and exoC, of R. meliloti were also shown to be present on the plasmid. A more(More)
The complete coding sequence of the nitrogenase reductase gene (nifH) is present in three different regions of a Rhizobium phaseoli symbiotic plasmid. Homology between two of the regions containing nifH coding sequences extends over 5 kilobases. These in turn share 1.3 kilobases of homology with the third region. The nucleotide sequences of the three(More)
The complete physical map of the symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. phaseoli strain CFN42 was established. The data support the concept that Rhizobium symbiotic genes are part of a complex genomic structure which contains a large amount of reiterated DNA sequences. This plasmid is a circular structure of 390 kb with approximately 10 families(More)
A genetic element that allows the positive selection of different genomic rearrangements was used to analyze DNA amplification in Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar phaseoli. Discrete amplifiable DNA regions (amplicons) were detected in different regions of the genome of the model strain CFN42, including the chromosome and several large plasmids. Amplicons were(More)
Rhizobium sp. strain NGR234 contains three replicons: the symbiotic plasmid or pNGR234a, a megaplasmid (pNGR234b), and the chromosome. Symbiotic gene sequences not present in pNGR234a were analyzed by hybridization. DNA sequences homologous to the genes fixLJKNOPQGHIS were found on the chromosome, while sequences homologous to nodPQ and exoBDFLK were found(More)
To improve symbiotic nitrogen fixation on alfalfa plants, Sinorhizobium meliloti strains containing different average copy numbers of a symbiotic DNA region were constructed by specific DNA amplification (SDA). A DNA fragment containing a regulatory gene (nodD1), the common nodulation genes (nodABC), and an operon essential for nitrogen fixation (nifN) from(More)
Repeated DNA sequences are a general characteristic of eucaryotic genomes. Although several examples of DNA reiteration have been found in procaryotic organisms, only in the case of the archaebacteria Halobacterium halobium and Halobacterium volcanii [C. Sapienza and W. F. Doolittle, Nature (London) 295:384-389, 1982], has DNA reiteration been reported as a(More)
Frequent tandem amplification of defined regions of the genome, called amplicons, is a common characteristic in the genomes of some Rhizobium species, such as Rhizobium etli. In order to map these zones in a model Rhizobium replicon, we undertook an analysis of the plasticity patterns fostered by amplicons in the pSym (390 kb) of R. etli CFN42. Data(More)