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AIMS To classify the different types of anemia among moderately to severely disabled women living in the community and examine the relationship between types of anemia and mortality. METHODS We studied anemia in 688 women, >or=65 years, in the Women's Health and Aging Study I, a population based study of moderately to severely disabled older women living(More)
Selenium and the carotenoids play an important role in antioxidant defenses and in the redox regulation involved in inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that low selenium and carotenoids predict mortality in older women living in the community. Women who were enrolled in the Women's Health and Aging Studies I and II in Baltimore, MD (n = 632; 70-79 y old)(More)
BACKGROUND Although disabled older adults may be among the subpopulation of adults with the highest risk for adverse drug events (ADEs), reliable data on their use of medications are limited. OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to describe the extent and patterns of medication use in community-dwelling, disabled older women, and to identify factors(More)
INTRODUCTION Although vitamin A deficiency, iron deficiency, and inflammation may contribute to anemia, their relative contribution to anemia has not been well characterized in preschool children in developing countries. OBJECTIVE To characterize the contributions of vitamin A and iron deficiencies and inflammation to anemia among preschool children in(More)
OBJECTIVE to determine whether low serum carotenoid levels, an indicator of low intake of fruits and vegetables, are associated with the progression of disability in older women. DESIGN longitudinal analysis in a population-based cohort. SETTING moderately-severely disabled women, >or=65 years, living in the community in Baltimore, Maryland (the Women's(More)
BACKGROUND The role of nutritional status in the disablement process is still unclear. The objective of this study was to assess whether low concentrations of nutrients predict the development and course of disability. METHODS Longitudinal study including community-dwelling women 65 years or older enrolled in the Women's Health and Aging Study I. In(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine, in disabled, older, community-dwelling women who were hospitalized, the rates and predictors of functional decline, the probability and time course of subsequent functional recovery, and predictors of functional recovery. DESIGN Population-based observational cohort. SETTING Woman's Health and Aging Study. PARTICIPANTS A(More)
The acute phase response and inflammation are associated with lower plasma retinol concentrations, but their effect on breast milk retinol concentrations is unclear. We measured plasma retinol concentrations, acute phase proteins, and breast milk retinol concentrations in 237 breast-feeding women at 2 wk postpartum in Blantyre, Malawi; 16.5% of the women(More)
Although it has been thought that child immunization programs may miss the children who are in greatest need, there are little published quantitative data to support this idea. We sought to characterize malnutrition and morbidity among children who are missed by the childhood immunization program in Indonesia. Vaccination and morbidity histories,(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the relationship of micronutrient deficiencies with the frailty syndrome in older women living in the community. METHODS Frailty status and serum micronutrients were assessed in a cross-sectional study of 754 women, 70-80 years old, from the Women's Health and Aging Studies I and II. RESULTS Among nonfrail, prefrail, and frail(More)