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OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to examine recent trends in hysterectomy rates and indications in the United States. STUDY DESIGN Data on hysterectomy hospitalizations during 2000-2004 were obtained from the National Hospital Discharge Survey, an annual nationally representative survey of inpatient hospitalization records. RESULTS The(More)
BACKGROUND Juvenile Paget's disease, an autosomal recessive osteopathy, is characterized by rapidly remodeling woven bone, osteopenia, fractures, and progressive skeletal deformity. The molecular basis is not known. Osteoprotegerin deficiency could explain juvenile Paget's disease because osteoprotegerin suppresses bone turnover by functioning as a decoy(More)
We describe a new familial metabolic bone disease characterized by expanding hyperostotic long bones, early onset deafness, premature tooth loss, and episodic hypercalcemia. The condition affects a mother and daughter studied at the age of 36 years and 11 years, respectively. Both individuals lost all hearing in early childhood and suffered premature(More)
Hypophosphatasia, a heritable form of rickets/osteomalacia, was first described in 1948. The biochemical hallmark, subnormal alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in serum, reflects a generalized disturbance involving the tissue-nonspecific isoenzyme of ALP (TNSALP). Deactivating mutations in the gene that encodes TNSALP have been reported in patients(More)
An 8-month-old girl who seemed certain to die from the infantile form of hypophosphatasia, an inborn error of metabolism characterized by deficient activity of the tissue-nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP), underwent the first trial of bone marrow cell transplantation for this heritable type of rickets. After cytoreduction, she was given(More)
To determine whether JP-8 jet fuel affects parameters of the Functional Observational Battery (FOB), visual discrimination, or spatial learning and memory, the authors exposed groups of male Fischer Brown Norway hybrid rats for 28 d to aerosol/vapor-delivered JP-8, or to JP-8 followed by 15 min of aerosolized substance P analogue, or to sham-confined fresh(More)
An athletic 8-year-old boy developed severe muscle weakness over 2 years. At the age of 10 years, investigation for possible neuromuscular disease disclosed hypophosphatemia (1.8 mg/dl) and rickets. There was selective renal tubular wasting of inorganic phosphate (Pi) but no history of toxin exposure, familial bone or kidney disease, or biochemical evidence(More)