Michelle Murphy

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Commensal gut bacteria impact the host immune system and can influence disease processes in several organs, including the brain. However, it remains unclear whether the microbiota has an impact on the outcome of acute brain injury. Here we show that antibiotic-induced alterations in the intestinal flora reduce ischemic brain injury in mice, an effect(More)
The cerebello-olivary pathway in the cat has been examined using orthograde and retrograde neuroanatomical tracing techniques. The orthograde transport of 3H-leucine from injection sites in the deep cerebellar nuclei labeled dentate and interpositus projections to the rostral two-thirds of the contralateral inferior olivary complex. These projections are(More)
  • M G Murphy
  • 1985
Lipid peroxidation and basal adenylate cyclase activity have been examined in neuroblastoma cultured with a variety of exogenous fatty acids. Formation of cyclic AMP depended upon fatty acid type, with supplementation affecting activities in the order: linoleate greater than cis-vaccenate = linolenate greater than control (132.7, 72.6, 71.9 and 36.0 pmol(More)
Hypertension is a leading risk factor for dementia, but the mechanisms underlying its damaging effects on the brain are poorly understood. Due to a lack of energy reserves, the brain relies on continuous delivery of blood flow to its active regions in accordance with their dynamic metabolic needs. Hypertension disrupts these vital regulatory mechanisms,(More)
Certain cells of the periodontium are necessary for the regeneration of tissues that are destroyed as a result of periodontal disease. There has been debate regarding which cells are the primary participants in periodontal regeneration. It is a well-known fact that osteoblasts are essential in new bone formation, but controversy surrounds the role that(More)
UNLABELLED The scavenger receptor CD36 is a critical factor initiating ischemic brain injury, but the cell type(s) expressing CD36 and responsible for its harmful effects remain unknown. Using bone marrow (BM) chimeras subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion, we found that CD36(-/-) mice transplanted with wild-type (WT) BM (WT→CD36(-/-))(More)
Light microscopic-autoradiographic findings indicate that, following chronic lesions of cerebellorubral projections in the adult cat, somatosensory corticofugal axons in the cerebral crus give rise to collateral sprouts which reinnervate the deafferented red nucleus. These data strongly suggest that these new axons reinnervate the deafferented soma and(More)
Rationale: Increasing evidence indicates that alterations of the cerebral microcirculation may play a role in Alzheimer's disease (AD), the leading cause of late-life dementia. The amyloid-β peptide (Aβ), a key pathogenic factor in AD, induces profound alterations in neurovascular regulation through the innate immunity receptor CD36, which, in turn,(More)
A key feature of the inflammatory response after cerebral ischemia is the brain infiltration of blood monocytes. There are two main monocyte subsets in the mouse blood: CCR2+Ly6Chi “inflammatory” monocytes involved in acute inflammation, and CX3CR1+Ly6Clo “patrolling” monocytes, which may play a role in repair processes. We hypothesized that CCR2+Ly6Chi(More)
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