Michelle Murphy

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Vagal sensory neurons are dependent on neurotrophins for survival during development. Here, the contribution of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to survival and other aspects of gastric vagal afferent development was investigated. Post-mortem anterograde tracing with 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbo-cyanine perchlorate (DiI) was used(More)
The mouse is an extremely valuable model for studying vagal development in relation to strain differences, genetic variation, gene manipulations or pharmacological manipulations. Therefore, a method using 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI) was developed for labeling vagal innervation of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract(More)
Contributors to increased obesity in children may include perinatal under- or overnutrition. Humans and rodents raised under these conditions develop obesity, which like obesities of other etiologies has been associated with increased meal size. Since vagal sensory innervation of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract transmits satiation signals that regulate meal(More)
Commensal gut bacteria impact the host immune system and can influence disease processes in several organs, including the brain. However, it remains unclear whether the microbiota has an impact on the outcome of acute brain injury. Here we show that antibiotic-induced alterations in the intestinal flora reduce ischemic brain injury in mice, an effect(More)
Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is pervasively consumed as a flavor enhancer so there are important implications to understanding its physiological actions, particularly its effects on body weight. Previous studies suggest that MSG increases, decreases, or has no effect on the body weight of rodents. However, most of these studies involved administration of MSG(More)
Vagal sensory neurons are dependent on neurotrophins to survive programmed cell death during development. Here, the contribution of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to the survival of gastric vagal sensory afferents was investigated. Also, based on BDNF roles in other sensory systems, its effects on axon guidance and mechanoreceptor differentiation(More)
The object of this study was to characterize the synthesis and metabolism of platelet activating factor (PAF) by intestinal mucosa subjected to ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Canine intestinal mucosa produced 16:0-PAF, 18:0-PAF, and high levels of the corresponding lyso- PAF metabolites. Three h of intestinal ischaemia and ischaemia followed by 1 h of(More)
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