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Bone marrow natural killer (NK) cell activity was studied in patients with multiple myeloma. Bone marrow mononuclear cells from myeloma patients expressed considerable levels of cytotoxicity against K562 in a 4 h 51Cr-release assay, which was comparable to that of blood lymphocytes. In contrast, NK-cell activity was markedly low or absent in bone marrow of(More)
The specific and natural killer (NK)-restricted nature of autologous tumor killing by blood lymphocytes was studied in patients with carcinomatous pleural effusions. Large granular lymphocytes (LGL) and small T-lymphocytes were isolated by centrifugation on discontinuous Percoll density gradients. Tumor cells freshly isolated from pleural effusions of(More)
The specific and non-specific nature of autotumor cytotoxicity induced in autologous mixed lymphocyte-tumor culture (AMLTC) and autologous mixed lymphocyte culture (AMLC) was studied in patients with carcinomatous pleural effusions. Small- and medium-sized blood lymphocytes that were isolated by centrifugation on discontinuous Percoll gradients did not lyse(More)
Malignant prostatic carcinoma, a major cause of cancer mortality in males, most often metastasizes to secondary sites in bone. Frequently, the growth rate of the secondary tumor in bone marrow is considerably greater than that of the slowly growing primary prostatic tumor. We now report that two lines of human prostatic carcinoma cells proliferate in(More)
Among the many reported effects of irradiation in cells is activation of the stress-activated protein kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), which has been shown to result in apoptotic cell death. The trigger that leads to JNK activation has not been identified, although, in rat hippocampus at least, irradiation-induced apoptosis has been coupled with(More)
Among the changes which occur in the brain with age is an increase in hippocampal concentration of proinflammatory cytokines like interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and an increase in IL-1beta-induced signaling. Here we demonstrate that the increase in IL-1beta concentration is accompanied by an increase in expression of IL-1 type I receptor (IL-1RI) and an(More)
Both monocytes (MO) and dendritic cells (DC) in human peripheral blood are of a plastic-adherent nature. The expression of the MHC class II sublocus products HLA-DP, -DQ and -DR on human peripheral blood transiently adherent cells (TA) was examined by an immunocytochemical staining technique. While most TA showed strong expression of molecules of the HLA-DR(More)
Double-negative (DN) thymocyte subsets were examined in mice deficient in the CD3 zeta chain (zeta-/-). The HSA+CD44-CD25- subset was found to be missing, and DN thymocytes seemed to differentiate directly from HSA+CD25+CD44- cells to double-positive (DP) cells. When fetal thymic ontogeny was examined, we found a marked difference between zeta-/- embryos(More)