Michelle Momany

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The aspergilli comprise a diverse group of filamentous fungi spanning over 200 million years of evolution. Here we report the genome sequence of the model organism Aspergillus nidulans, and a comparative study with Aspergillus fumigatus, a serious human pathogen, and Aspergillus oryzae, used in the production of sake, miso and soy sauce. Our analysis of(More)
2-1-2005 Polarisome Meets Spitzenkö̈rper: Microscopy, Genetics, and Genomics Converge Steven D. Harris University of Nebraska Lincoln, sharris2@unl.edu Nick D. Read University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom Robert W. Roberson Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona Brian Shaw Texas A&M University, College Station, TX Stephan Seiler(More)
Septins are cytoskeletal GTPase proteins first discovered in the fungus Saccharomyces cerevisiae where they organize the septum and link nuclear division with cell division. More recently septins have been found in animals where they are important in processes ranging from actin and microtubule organization to embryonic patterning and where defects in(More)
Germ tube emergence in filamentous fungi appears to be similar to bud emergence in yeast. Several key proteins (e.g. Cdc42, septins, Bni1 formin, Rho1 and Rho3) play common roles in polarity establishment and early polarity maintenance in both processes. Although germ tube extension, which can be thought of as extreme polarity maintenance, uses some of the(More)
Comparison of the chitin synthase genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae CHS1 and CHS2 with the Candida albicans CHS1 gene (UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:chitin 4-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, EC revealed two small regions of complete amino acid sequence conservation that were used to design PCR primers. Fragments homologous to chitin synthase(More)
Significant differences exist between mammals and fungi with respect to glycosphingolipid (GSL) structure and biosynthesis. Thus, these compounds, as well as the cellular machinery regulating their expression, have considerable potential as targets for the diagnosis and treatment of fungal diseases. In this study, the major neutral GSL components extracted(More)
Filamentous fungi grow by the polar extension of hyphae. This polar growth requires the specification of sites of germ tube or branch emergence, followed by the recruitment of the morphogenetic machinery to those sites for localized cell wall deposition. Researchers attempting to understand hyphal morphogenesis have relied upon the powerful paradigm of bud(More)
Filamentous fungi are a common cause of blindness and visual impairment worldwide. Using both murine model systems and in vitro human neutrophils, we found that NADPH oxidase produced by neutrophils was essential to control the growth of Aspergillus and Fusarium fungi in the cornea. We demonstrated that neutrophil oxidant production and antifungal activity(More)
Protein O-mannosyltransferases (Pmts) initiate O-mannosyl glycan biosynthesis from Ser and Thr residues of target proteins. Fungal Pmts are divided into three subfamilies, Pmt1, -2, and -4. Aspergillus nidulans possesses a single representative of each Pmt subfamily, pmtA (subfamily 2), pmtB (subfamily 1), and pmtC (subfamily 4). In this work, we show that(More)
Growth of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans begins when the conidium breaks dormancy and grows isotropically. Eventually a germ tube emerges and the axis of growth remains fixed in the primary hypha while new growth axes are established basally to form secondary germ tubes and lateral branches. Rho1 is a Rho family GTPase that has been shown to be(More)