Michelle McLeod

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CONTEXT Spinal-reflexive and corticomotor excitability may have a critical role in altering muscle function needed to stabilize the ankle in people with chronic ankle instability (CAI). OBJECTIVE To determine the association between self-reported disability and both spinal-reflexive and corticomotor excitability in people with CAI. DESIGN Descriptive(More)
CONTEXT Altered neuromuscular function and decreased dorsiflexion range of motion (DFROM) have been observed in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Joint mobilizations are indicated for restoring DFROM and dynamic postural control, yet it remains unknown if a mobilization can alter neuromuscular excitability in muscles surrounding the ankle. (More)
CONTEXT Neuromuscular dysfunction of the leg and thigh musculature, including decreased strength and postural control, is common in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Understanding how CAI affects specific neural pathways may provide valuable information for targeted therapies. OBJECTIVE To investigate differences in spinal reflexive and(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of EMG-BF on vastus lateralis corticomotor excitability, measured via motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitudes elicited using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) during a maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC). We also determined the effect of EMG-BF on isometric knee extensor strength.(More)
CONTEXT Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) after meniscal tear has been widely accepted and associated with quick return to activity. Unfortunately, meniscectomy is associated with risk for knee osteoarthritis, which may be attributed to postsurgical quadriceps weakness. This has important implications, as the quadriceps play a prominent role in knee(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromuscular alterations are common following lower extremity joint injury and often lead to decreased function and disability. These neuromuscular alterations manifest in inhibition or abnormal facilitation of the uninjured musculature surrounding an injured joint. Unfortunately, these neural alterations are poorly understood, which may affect(More)
Azapropazone was investigated in a 2-week double-blind clinical out-patient trial against placebo in 23 patients with definite rheumatoid arthritis. The drug was given at a dose of 1200 mg. per day before food. At this dose level the drug was shown to have an antirheumatic effect in terms of pain relief, articular tenderness and duration of morning(More)
The purpose of this paper is to report on an exploratory study of the role that tourism policy plays in influencing tourism development. The research is based on two questions, how does tourism policy influence tourism development in the small twin island state of Trinidad and Tobago; and how does an arrangement of dual governance in a small twin-island(More)
A short-term, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study was completed in 15 patients with classical or definite rheumatoid arthritis to compare the antirheumatic activity of salsalate (3 g/day) with placebo and indomethacin (75 mg/day). Subjective and objective assessments showed that both salsalate and indomethacin were significantly superior to(More)
A double-blind crossover trial was carried out in 15 patients with definite rheumatoid arthritis to compare the effectiveness of 1200 mg azapropazone daily and 750 mg naproxen daily, each drug being given for 2 weeks. Patients also received placebo therapy before and between the two treatment periods. The results of subjective and objective assessments(More)