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The effects of increasing concentrations of tannin isolated from cotton bracts and endotoxin prepared from Enterobacter agglomerans on the electrophysiologic and ion transport properties of the canine tracheal epithelium mounted in Ussing chambers were examined. Results were compared with those obtained using cotton bracts extract (CBE). Tannin(More)
The effect of duramycin, a polypeptide antibiotic, on Cl- transport in canine tracheal epithelium mounted in Ussing chambers was studied. Over a narrow concentration range, duramycin increased short-circuit current (Isc) and net Cl- secretion and had no effect on mannitol flux when added to the mucosal bathing solution. The maximum increase in Isc was(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether an organized, citywide asthma management program delivered by primary care providers (PCPs) increases adherence to the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) Asthma Guidelines and whether adherence to the guidelines by PCPs decreases medical services utilization in low-income, minority children. STUDY(More)
The effects of increasing concentrations (5 to 100 microliters) of an aqueous extract of cotton bracts (CBE) on the electrophysiologic properties and paracellular pathway of the canine trachea mounted in Ussing chambers were examined. The CBE produced a 50% decrease in short-circuit current and a dose-dependent decrease in transepithelial potential(More)
Duramycin increases short-circuit current (Isc) and net Cl- secretion in tracheal epithelium. We measured the intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) response to duramycin using Indo-1 and bovine and canine tracheal cell suspensions, and the effect of an intracellular calcium chelator, BAPTA, and the protein kinase C inhibitor, staurosporine, on the Isc and(More)
OBJECTIVE Bromelain, a clinically used pineapple extract and natural product, has reported anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of bromelain treatment in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced murine model of allergic airway disease (AAD). METHODS To establish AAD, mice were sensitized with(More)
The immediate responses of the upper respiratory tract (URT) to the irritants acrolein and acetic acid were examined in healthy and allergic airway-diseased C57Bl/6J mice. Acrolein (1.1 ppm) and acetic acid (330 ppm) vapors induced an immediate increase in flow resistance, as measured in the surgically isolated URT of urethane-anesthetized healthy animals.(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to examine whether pediatric clinicians in private, non-health maintenance organization practices could implement the national asthma guidelines and whether, when implemented, these guidelines would decrease medical services utilization and improve asthma care for children. METHODS A trial of a disease management program (Easy(More)