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The performance of adult stem cells is crucial for tissue homeostasis but their regenerative capacity declines with age, leading to failure of multiple organs. In skeletal muscle this failure is manifested by the loss of functional tissue, the accumulation of fibrosis, and reduced satellite cell-mediated myogenesis in response to injury. While recent(More)
We explored the unique signal integration properties of the self-assembling 60-mer protein capsid of adeno-associated virus (AAV), a clinically proven human gene therapy vector, by engineering proteolytic regulation of virus-receptor interactions such that processing of the capsid by proteases is required for infection. We find the transfer function of our(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether N-methyl-D-aspartate affects the sexual receptivity of female rats. Monosodium L-glutamate was used as a neurotoxin to induce hypogonadal status. Matured normal and monosodium L-glutamate-treated rats were ovariectomized and implanted subcutaneously with estradiol capsules. One week later, lordosis(More)
The systemic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) technique is a powerful and effective aptamer-selection procedure. However, modifications to the process can dramatically improve selection efficiency and aptamer performance. For example, droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) has been recently incorporated into SELEX selection protocols to(More)
Neurotoxicological studies have indicated that L-glutamate exhibits more pronounced effects on the preoptic area (POA) neurons of male rats than on those of females in the neonatal period. However, no information has previously been available as to whether or not such sexual dimorphism also exists for the effects of glutamate on astrocytes from POA. The(More)
The neurotoxic effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG) on certain parts of the central nervous system (CNS) and endocrine functions are well documented. MSG-treated rats exhibit stunted growth, obesity and decrease in sexual behavior. The present study was designed to evaluate how neonatal administration of MSG affects sex-odor attractivity and approach(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of pinealectomy and the possible mechanism of the pineal gland on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-associated receptivity in female rats. Monosodium L-glutamate (MSG) was used as a neurotoxin to induce hypogonadal status. Long-Evans rats were divided into four groups: (1) control (C), (2) pinealectomized (Px),(More)
The effects of methysergide, a serotonin antagonist, and p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA), a serotonin synthesis blocker on the sexual behavior of intact old male rats at 19-23 months of age and female rats at 17-18 months of age were studied. Female rats with prolonged vaginal cornification and a lordosis quotient (LQ) of less than 50%, and male rats(More)
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