Michelle L. Rowe

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The metabolic activation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) to chemical species that form covalent adducts with cellular macromolecules (DNA and protein) is central to theories of carcinogenesis. Assays are currently being developed that will accurately reflect human macromolecular exposure to these carcinogens. Immunoassays are capable of detecting(More)
In contrast to molecular chaperones that couple protein folding to ATP hydrolysis, protein disulfide-isomerase (PDI) catalyzes protein folding coupled to formation of disulfide bonds (oxidative folding). However, we do not know how PDI distinguishes folded, partly-folded and unfolded protein substrates. As a model intermediate in an oxidative folding(More)
The Fanconi Anemia (FA) DNA repair pathway is essential for the recognition and repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICL). Inefficient repair of these ICL can lead to leukemia and bone marrow failure. A critical step in the pathway is the monoubiquitination of FANCD2 by the RING E3 ligase FANCL. FANCL comprises 3 domains, a RING domain that interacts with(More)
Targeting of proteins to bacterial microcompartments (BMCs) is mediated by an 18-amino-acid peptide sequence. Herein, we report the solution structure of the N-terminal targeting peptide (P18) of PduP, the aldehyde dehydrogenase associated with the 1,2-propanediol utilization metabolosome from Citrobacter freundii. The solution structure reveals the peptide(More)
Highly specific methods are required to detect and quantitate carcinogen-macromolecular adducts in humans who are exposed to complex mixtures of chemical carcinogens. High performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence spectroscopy have been used successfully to detect and identify residues of benzo[a]pyrene-7,10/8,9-tetrahydrotetrol(More)
A radioimmunoassay for chlorpromazine in plasma is described. The antiserum was obtained by immunizing rabbits with a conjugate of bovine serum albumin and N-(2-carboxyethyl)desmethylchlorpromazine. It is specific for chlorpromazine and its minor active metabolite, N-desmethylchlorpromazine. Other known active or inactive chlorpromazine metabolites and(More)
A number of genes have been linked to familial forms of the fatal motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Over 150 mutations within the gene encoding superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) have been implicated in ALS, but why such mutations lead to ALS-associated cellular dysfunction is unclear. In this study, we identify how ALS-linked SOD1(More)
The metabolism and disposition of a suspected human teratogen, trimethadione (TMO), was studied in pregnant rats following administration of the drug at doses of 60 and 240 mg/kg/day during 6 to 15 days of gestion, with a view to understanding the fetotoxicity of the drug. Following the last dose, animals were sacrificed at 6, 12, and 24 hr, and the fetuses(More)
Human protein disulphide isomerase (hPDI) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) based isomerase and folding chaperone. Molecular detail of ligand recognition and specificity of hPDI are poorly understood despite the importance of the hPDI for folding secreted proteins and its implication in diseases including cancer and lateral sclerosis. We report a detailed(More)
[180--90] unit at the head of the sequence provides the adjustable element to measure T 1 of 1 H attached to 13 C. The inter-sequence relaxation delay was set to 5 s and  values were 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 and 1.0 s to provide intensities for each 1 H resonance correlated to its 13 C in the modified HSQC and example intensity data are shown(More)