Michelle L Kraus

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The activity of the c-Kit receptor protein-tyrosine kinase is tightly regulated in normal cells, whereas deregulated c-Kit kinase activity is implicated in the pathogenesis of human cancers. The c-Kit juxtamembrane region is known to have an autoinhibitory function; however the precise mechanism by which c-Kit is maintained in an autoinhibited state is not(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) is a member of the prolyl oligopeptidase family of serine proteases. DPPIV removes dipeptides from the N terminus of substrates, including many chemokines, neuropeptides, and peptide hormones. Specific inhibition of DPPIV is being investigated in human trials for the treatment of type II diabetes. To understand better the(More)
SphK (sphingosine kinase) is the major source of the bioactive lipid and GPCR (G-protein-coupled receptor) agonist S1P (sphingosine 1-phosphate). S1P promotes cell growth, survival and migration, and is a key regulator of lymphocyte trafficking. Inhibition of S1P signalling has been proposed as a strategy for treatment of inflammatory diseases and cancer.(More)
Fibroblast activation protein alpha (FAPalpha) is highly expressed in epithelial cancers and has been implicated in extracellular matrix remodeling, tumor growth, and metastasis. We present the first high resolution structure for the apoenzyme as well as kinetic data toward small dipeptide substrates. FAPalpha exhibits a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV)-like(More)
  • J A C K M O S T O W And A R M, E Prieditis, +13 authors Bob Webber
  • 2010
W e present a n i m p l e m e n t e d m o d e l for d iscov-­ e r i n g a class of s ta te-­space search heur is t i cs . F i r s t , abstractions of a s tate-­space p r o b l e m are genera ted b y d r o p p i n g i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m the p r o b l e m d e f i n i t i o n . A n o p t i m a l s o l u t i o n p a t h fo r a n y such a b s t r a c t(More)
The PI3K/AKT signaling pathway has an important regulatory role in cancer cell growth and tumorigenesis. Signal transduction through this pathway requires the assembly and activation of PDK1 and AKT at the plasma membrane. On activation of the pathway, PDK1 and AKT1/2 translocate to the membrane and bind to phosphatidylinositol-(3,4,5)-trisphosphate(More)
Increasing evidence implicates the interaction of the EphB4 receptor with its preferred ligand, ephrinB2, in pathological forms of angiogenesis and in tumorigenesis. To identify the molecular determinants of the unique specificity of EphB4 for ephrinB2, we determined the crystal structure of the ligand binding domain of EphB4 in complex with the(More)
The Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and their ligands, the ephrins, regulate numerous biological processes in developing and adult tissues and have been implicated in cancer progression and in pathological forms of angiogenesis. We report the crystal structure of the EphB4 receptor in complex with a highly specific antagonistic peptide at a resolution of 1.65(More)
Analogues substituted with various amines at the 6-position of the pyrazine ring on (4-amino-7-isopropyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-5-yl)pyrazin-2-ylmethanone were discovered as potent and selective inhibitors of PDK1 with potential as anticancer agents. An early lead with 2-pyridine-3-ylethylamine as the pyrazine substituent showed moderate potency and(More)