Michelle L Kramer

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BACKGROUND Paliperidone extended-release tablet (paliperidone ER) is an investigational oral psychotropic developed for schizophrenia treatment. It utilizes OROS technology to provide a unique pharmacokinetic profile, eliminating the need for titration and potentially leading to improved tolerability. Furthermore, paliperidone undergoes limited hepatic(More)
In a randomized, double-blind trial, patients with acute bipolar mania received 1-6 mg/day of risperidone, 2-12 mg/day of haloperidol, or placebo for 3 weeks, followed by double-blind risperidone or haloperidol for 9 weeks. Of 438 patients, 154 were randomized to risperidone, 144 to haloperidol, and 140 to placebo. The mean+/-S.D. modal doses were 4.2+/-1.7(More)
BACKGROUND Paliperidone extended-release tablet (paliperidone ER) is an oral psychotropic agent developed for schizophrenia treatment. Paliperidone (9-OH-risperidone, metabolite of risperidone), when used with OROS technology has a unique pharmacokinetic profile undergoing limited hepatic metabolism. METHODS The efficacy and safety of once-daily(More)
BACKGROUND Paliperidone extended-release tablet (paliperidone ER; Invega, Janssen L.P., Titusville, New Jersey) is an oral psychotropic for schizophrenia treatment. METHODS Efficacy and safety of once-daily paliperidone ER (6 and 12 mg) were assessed versus placebo in 444 patients with acute schizophrenia in a 6-week, multicenter, double-blind,(More)
We evaluated the efficacy of paliperidone extended-release (ER), an investigational psychotropic agent, in delaying symptom recurrence in adult patients with schizophrenia and its safety and tolerability. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study, patients' symptoms were stabilized during an 8-week run-in and a 6-week(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of risperidone monotherapy in the treatment of acute bipolar mania. METHOD Patients with DSM-IV bipolar I disorder experiencing an acute manic episode (baseline Young Mania Rating Scale score >/==" BORDER="0">20) were randomly assigned to 3 weeks of treatment with risperidone (flexible dose: 1-6(More)
Long-term efficacy and safety of paliperidone extended-release tablets (3-12 mg/day) were evaluated in pooled data from 52-week open-label extension (OLE) phases of three 6-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind (DB) trials involving 1083 schizophrenia patients. Forty-seven percent of patients completed the OLE phase. Outcome measures included Positive and(More)
Based on evidence suggesting anxiolytic properties of the atypical antipsychotic olanzapine, this study was conducted to evaluate whether olanzapine may be efficacious in treating social anxiety disorder (SAD). This study was an 8-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of olanzapine as monotherapy in which 12 patients with the DSM-IV diagnosis of(More)
BACKGROUND Severe mania is life-threatening, carries an increased risk of suicide and has a serious impact on patients and their families. Efficient and rapid control of episodes of acute mania is needed. AIMS To evaluate the safety and efficacy of risperidone monotherapy for acute mania. METHOD In a 3-week, randomised, double-blind trial, 290(More)
Nutrient metals such as zinc are both essential to life and potentially toxic if overaccumulated by cells. Non-essential toxic metals like cadmium can enter cells through the uptake transporters responsible for nutrient metal acquisition. Therefore, in the face of ever changing extracellular metal levels, organisms tightly control their intracellular levels(More)