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This study models the sub-national pattern of coca cultivation in Colombia following the implementation of Plan Colombia (2001–2005). The results suggest that aerial eradication reduces coca cultivation primarily through creation of significant displacement and that coca cultivation is less intense in areas with a significant state presence. Further, coca(More)
For those who study Latin America, poverty and inequality are problematic and endemic features of the region's economies and societies. While the debt crisis of the 1980s produced not only an increase in poverty but also rising income inequality, the structural adjustment policies of the 1990s were supposed to deliver economic growth that would eventually(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence-informed health policymaking is a goal of equitable and effective health systems but occurs infrequently in reality. Past research points to the facilitating role of interpersonal relationships between policy-makers and researchers, imploring the adoption of a social network lens. This study aims to identify network-level factors(More)
S tudent evaluations of teaching ~SETs! often have important effects on promotion , tenure, and merit raises, even if only through the negative effects that poor evaluations can have on these decisions ~Langbein 1994!. 1 Both experiments and analysis of end-of-semester SETs in a range of disciplines and institutional settings have been used to examine the(More)
This chapter examines an effect of pension reform that was largely unantici-pated, or at least seldom explicitly considered, when many pension reforms were being adopted throughout Latin America: the effects of privatization on women's welfare. 1 Though this issue was largely absent in early reform debates, academic researchers and international(More)
I develop a theory of spatial policy diffusion, where " space " is conceptualized as shared memberships in economic international organizations (IOs). I argue diffusion is driven by two complementary causal mechanisms: competition and socialization. Outside evaluators, such as international leaders, activists, and most importantly, international firms and(More)
Few studies explain the development of social protection in Latin America. This article uses the case of Mexico to illustrate the role of economic development, economic institutions, and labor mobilization in shaping social protection in the region. The expansion of social insurance in Mexico prior to the 1980s debt crisis was a response of the ruling party(More)