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Phosphorylation of the myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) in skeletal muscle has been proposed to act as a molecular memory of recent activation by increasing the rate of force development, ATPase activity, and isometric force at submaximal activation in fibers. It has been proposed that these effects stem from phosphorylation-induced movement of myosin(More)
BACKGROUND Several approaches can be used to determine the order of loci on chromosomes and hence develop maps of the genome. However, all mapping approaches are prone to errors either arising from technical deficiencies or lack of statistical support to distinguish between alternative orders of loci. The accuracy of the genome maps could be improved, in(More)
AIMS Several mutations in the ventricular myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) were identified to cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC). Based on our previous cellular findings showing delayed calcium transients in electrically stimulated intact papillary muscle fibres from transgenic Tg-R58Q and Tg-N47K mice and, in addition, prolonged force(More)
Phosphorylation of the myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) by Ca(2+)-calmodulin-activated myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) is known to be essential for the inotropic function of the heart. In this study, we have examined the effects of MLCK-phosphorylation of transgenic (Tg) mouse cardiac muscle preparations expressing the D166V (aspartic acid to(More)
Global brain ischemia/reperfusion induces neuronal damage in vulnerable brain regions, leading to mitochondrial dysfunction and subsequent neuronal death. Induction of neuronal death is mediated by release of cytochrome c (cyt c) from the mitochondria though a well-characterized increase in outer mitochondrial membrane permeability. However, for cyt c to be(More)
Potentially valuable sources of DNA have been extracted from human colonic tissues and are retained in biobanks throughout the world, and might be re-examined to better understand host-microbe interactions in health and disease. However, the published protocols for DNA extraction typically used by gastroenterologists have not been systematically compared in(More)
The epithelial brush border (BB) Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE3 is associated with the actin cytoskeleton by binding both directly and indirectly to ezrin; indirect binding is via attachment to NHERF family proteins. NHE3 mobility in polarized epithelial cell BBs is restricted by the actin cytoskeleton and NHERF binding such that only approximately 30% of NHE3(More)
Membrane vesicles were prepared from CHO-K1 and alanine-resistant transport mutants, alar4 and alar4-H3.9. Alar4 is a constitutive mutant of the A system, and alar4-H3.9, derived from alar4, may be the result of amplification of a gene coding for an A-system transporter. Under conditions in which the same membrane potential (interior negative) and Na+(More)
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