Michelle Elizabeth King

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IQGAP1 colocalizes with actin filaments in the cell cortex and binds in vitro to F-actin and several signaling proteins, including calmodulin, Cdc42, Rac1, and beta-catenin. It is thought that the F-actin binding activity of IQGAP1 is regulated by its reversible association with these signaling molecules, but the mechanisms have remained obscure. Here we(More)
Six tau isoforms arise from the alternative splicing of a single gene in humans. Insoluble, filamentous deposits of tau protein occur in a number of neurodegenerative diseases, and in some of these diseases, the deposition of polymers enriched in certain tau isoforms has been documented. Because of these findings, we have undertaken studies on the efficacy(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of amyloid-positive senile plaques and tau-positive neurofibrillary tangles. Aside from these two pathological hallmarks, a growing body of evidence indicates that the amount of oxidative alteration of vulnerable molecules such as proteins, DNA, and fatty acids is elevated in the brains of AD(More)
The karyotypes have been determined of 16 of the 32 species of the genus Varanus, including animals from Africa, Israel, Malaya and Australia. A constant chromosome number of 2n = 40 was observed. The karyotype is divided into eight pairs of large chromosomes and 12 paris of microchromosomes. A series of chromosomal rearrangements have become established in(More)
The mechanism through which arachidonic acid induces the polymerization of tau protein into filaments under reducing conditions was characterized through a combination of fluorescence spectroscopy and electron microscopy. Results show that polymerization follows a ligand-mediated mechanism, where binding of arachidonic acid is an obligate step preceding(More)
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is defined histopathologically by extracellular beta-amyloid (Abeta) fibrils plus intraneuronal tau filaments. Studies of transgenic mice and cultured cells indicate that AD is caused by a pathological cascade in which Abeta lies upstream of tau, but the steps that connect Abeta to tau have remained undefined. We demonstrate that(More)
Tau polymerization into the filaments that compose neurofibrillary tangles is seminal to the development of many neurodegenerative diseases. It is therefore important to understand the mechanisms involved in this process. However, a consensus method for monitoring tau polymerization in vitro has been lacking. Here we demonstrate that illuminating tau(More)
To bridge the gap between two-dimensional cell culture and tissue, various three-dimensional (3-D) cell culture approaches have been developed for the investigation of cardiac myocytes (CMs) and cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). However, several limitations still exist. This study was designed to develop a cardiac 3-D culture model with a scaffold-free technology(More)
Insoluble deposits of β-amyloid (Aβ), in the form of senile plaques, and of tau, as neurofi brillary tangles, have long been accepted as the primary histopathological markers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Although initial research focused on the role of Aβ and tau individually, recent evidence, including data demonstrating that amyloid pathology can(More)
Cardiac fibroblasts play a key role in fibrosis development in response to stress and injury. Angiotensin II (ANG II) is a major profibrotic activator whose downstream effects (such as phospholipase Cβ activation, cell proliferation, and extracellular matrix secretion) are mainly mediated via G(q)-coupled AT(1) receptors. Regulators of G protein signaling(More)