Michelle D Hall

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The crystal structure of malate dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli has been determined with a resulting R-factor of 0.187 for X-ray data from 8.0 to 1.87 A. Molecular replacement, using the partially refined structure of porcine mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase as a probe, provided initial phases. The structure of this prokaryotic enzyme is closely(More)
Among the tRNA population of the archaeal parasite Nanoarchaeum equitans are five species assembled from separate 5' and 3' tRNA halves and four species derived from tRNA precursors containing introns. In both groups an intervening sequence element must be removed during tRNA maturation. A bulge-helix-bulge (BHB) motif is the hallmark structure required by(More)
The sequence of squid (Loligo forbesi) rhodopsin was determined by protein and cDNA sequencing. The protein has close similarity to octopus rhodopsin, having an N-terminal region (residues 1-340) which resembles other guanine-nucleotide-binding protein (G-protein)-linked receptors and a repetitive proline-rich C-terminus (residues 340-452). Comparison of(More)
The interleukin-1 (IL-1) family comprises IL-1α and IL-1β and an endogenous IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra).1 IL-1 has diverse actions in the brain and has been implicated in both acute and chronic neurodegeneration.1,2 However, neither IL-1α nor IL-1β are neurotoxic per se in vivo, so other IL-1 related ligands may be important in neurodegeneration. The(More)
Interleukin 18, an inflammatory cytokine, mediates its effects by interaction with its receptor complex, consisting of the IL-18 receptor (IL-18R) and receptor accessory protein (AcPL). A functional inhibitor of IL-18, the IL-18 binding protein (IL-18BP), has been identified recently. This study reports the detection of IL-18, IL-18R, AcPL and IL-18BP mRNA(More)
The structure of malate dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli complexed with the substrate analog, citrate and the cofactor NAD, has been determined by X-ray crystallography. A monoclinic crystal of the malate dehydrogenase, grown in citrate buffer, was soaked in 10 mM NAD solution and found to be isomorphous with the apo-form. The X-ray data extended to 1.9(More)
Malate dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli has been crystallized with polyethylene glycol and citrate buffer at pH 5.7. The enzyme was obtained from an E. coli strain in which the chromosomal malate dehydrogenase gene was contained on a pBR322 vector. Two types of crystals have been observed; a monoclinic C2 form and an orthorhombic C222(1) form, which is(More)
The RNA splicing endonuclease is responsible for recognition and excision of nuclear tRNA and all archaeal introns. Despite the conserved RNA cleavage chemistry and a similar enzyme assembly, currently known splicing endonuclease families have limited RNA specificity. Different from previously characterized splicing endonucleases in Archaea, the splicing(More)
The metalloenzyme catechol 1,2-dioxygenase from Pseudomonas arvilla C-1 consists of three isozymes formed by combinations of two non-identical subunits; alpha alpha, alpha beta and beta beta; with molecular masses of 59,000, 63,000 and 67,000 Da, respectively. The alpha alpha isozyme crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group C222(1) with unit cell(More)
Attachment, spreading, and microfilament reorganization have been evaluated in human dermal reticular fibroblasts isolated from the inner, upper aspect of the arm of a newborn male (RET5 cells) and a 78-year-old male (RET8 cells). Substrata were tested using a set of complementary fragments from individual polypeptide chains of human plasma fibronectin(More)