Takanori Esaki6
Kazuaki Shimoji4
Yoshiaki Itoh2
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Cerebral auditory areas were delineated in the awake, passively listening, rhesus monkey by comparing the rates of glucose utilization in an intact hemisphere and in an acoustically isolated contralateral hemisphere of the same animal. The auditory system defined in this way occupied large portions of cerebral tissue, an extent probably second only to that(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of absolute quantification of regional cerebral glucose utilization (rCMR(glc)) in mice by use of (18)F-FDG and a small animal PET scanner. rCMR(glc) determined with (18)F-FDG PET was compared with values determined simultaneously by the autoradiographic 2-(14)C-DG method. In addition, we(More)
There is growing evidence that serotonin (5-hydroxtryptamine, 5-HT) has major influences on brain development in mammals. Genetic and pharmacological disruption of 5-HT signaling during early postnatal development in rodents causes neuroanatomical cortical abnormalities, including malformations in the somatosensory cortex. Possible functional consequences(More)
Weight-loss interventions generally improve lipid profiles and reduce cardiovascular disease risk, but effects are variable and may depend on genetic factors. We performed a genetic association analysis of data from 2,993 participants in the Diabetes Prevention Program to test the hypotheses that a genetic risk score (GRS) based on deleterious alleles at 32(More)
Local cerebral blood flow (CBF) was determined in 30 cerebral structures, including four structures of the whisker-to-barrel cortex sensory pathway, by the quantitative autoradiographic [(14)C]iodoantipyrine method during unilateral vibrissal stimulation in rats administered 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg haloperidol or its control vehicle intravenously. The low dose of(More)
Neonatal hypothyroidism impairs structural maturation in the brain and results in diminished electrical activities and energy metabolism. We recently found that glucose utilization (CMR(glc)) is markedly depressed throughout the brain in mice with targeted mutations in thyroid hormone receptor alpha1 (TR alpha 1), but not TR beta. Previous studies had shown(More)
Fireflies are a unique part of the natural landscape at a global scale. Urban development and changes in the landscape can negatively affect firefly distribution and abundance. Assessment of firefly abundance through counts of bioluminescence flashes provides an environmental quality indicator that can be easily observed and quantified by citizen(More)
Possible involvement of ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels in the cerebral blood flow (CBF) response to neuronal functional activation was investigated in unanesthetized rats. Glibenclamide (1, 2, or 10 micromol/l), a specific inhibitor of K(ATP) channels, was infused intracisternally continuously for 30 min prior to and during the 1-min period of(More)
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