Michelle Clare Mah

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In rats fed the liver carcinogen 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF), the two most abundant types of DNA adduct are N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-acetylaminofluorene and its deacetylated derivative. When plasmids carrying AAF adducts replicate in bacteria, the predominant mutations are frameshifts, whereas with deacetylated (AF) adducts, they are mainly base(More)
To gain insight into the mechanisms by which carcinogens induce mutations in human cells, we treated a shuttle vector, pZ189, carrying the supF gene as the target for mutations with N-acetoxy-N-trifluoroacetyl-2-aminofluorene (N-AcO-TFA-AF). The plasmids were allowed to replicate in human cell line 293, and the progeny plasmids were examined for the(More)
ClpP is a cylindrical serine protease whose ability to degrade proteins is regulated by the unfoldase ATP-dependent chaperones. ClpP on its own can only degrade small peptides. Here, we used ClpP as a target in a high-throughput screen for compounds, which activate the protease and allow it to degrade larger proteins, hence, abolishing the specificity(More)
To gain insight into the mechanisms by which carcinogens induce mutations in human cells, we have been comparing the frequency and spectrum of mutations induced when a shuttle vector, pS189, carrying covalently bound residues of structurally related carcinogens, replicates in human 293 cells. In the present study, we investigated the mutagenic effects of(More)
The model that transcription-coupled excision repair reflects the interference of DNA damage with the transcription process predicts that the rate of such excision repair will be related to the degree to which a particular type of lesion blocks transcription. We tested this by measuring the rate of excision repair of guanine adducts formed in the HPRT gene(More)
BACKGROUND It is known that abnormal changes may occur in any part of the oral mucous membrane exposed to a carcinogen. Therefore patients with oral potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) are at risk of developing similar lesions at multiple sites. OBJECTIVES To determine the risk of the contralateral mucosa in patients presenting with oral PMDs. (More)
The transformation of normal human cells into cancer cells is a multistep process. Evidence suggests that a minimum of five independent steps (changes) are required for the development of certain kinds of human cancer, as well as for malignant transformation of human cells in culture. Mutations are one of the mechanisms involved in bringing about such(More)
An SV40-based shuttle vector, pZ189, carrying a bacterial suppressor tRNA target gene (supF) was treated with radiolabeled polycyclic aromatic carcinogens and the number of covalently bound residues (adducts) per plasmid was determined. The plasmids were transfected into the human embryonic kidney cell line 293 and allowed to replicate. The progeny plasmids(More)
Early detection of oral potentially malignant epithelial lesions (PMELs) is aimed at improving survival rates as carcinogenesis is a multistep process and prevention is possible if these lesions are detected at an early and reversible stage of the disease. A prospective clinical study aimed at determining the prevalence of bilateral ‘mirror-image’ oral(More)
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