Michelle Chen

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Improving models of human stroke by the use of aged animals has been advocated; however the commonly used rat middle cerebral artery thread-occlusion model has produced suboptimal stroke induction and excess mortality in aged rats. We report the development of a modified method for silicone-coating the tip of occluding threads which produces a malleable(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Alterations in central corticotropin-releasing factor signaling pathways have been implicated in the pathophysiology of anxiety disorders and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We aimed to characterize the effects of the corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 1 (CRF-R1) antagonist, GW876008, on brain and skin conductance responses during(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ischemic penumbra is a major focus of stroke research. 18F-fluoromisonidazole (18F-FMISO), a positron emission tomography (PET) marker of hypoxic cells, has shown promise as a technique to image the penumbra in humans. Our aim was to delineate the pattern of 18F-FMISO binding in a rat middle cerebral artery transient(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition can reduce stroke risk by up to 43% in humans and reduce the associated disability, and hence understanding the mechanism of improvement is important. In animals and humans, these effects may be independent of the blood pressure-lowering effects of ACE inhibition. Normotensive (Wistar-Kyoto (WKY)) and(More)
CONTEXT Unexplained fatigue states are prevalent, with uncertain diagnostic boundaries. OBJECTIVE Patients with fatigue-related illnesses were investigated by questionnaire and a novel semistructured interview to identify discriminatory features. METHODS Cross-sectional samples of women from specialist practices with chronic fatigue syndrome (n = 20),(More)
Background and Purpose—The ischemic penumbra is a major focus of stroke research. 18 F-fluoromisonidazole (18 F-FMISO), a positron emission tomography (PET) marker of hypoxic cells, has shown promise as a technique to image the penumbra in humans. Our aim was to delineate the pattern of 18 F-FMISO binding in a rat middle cerebral artery transient(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Traditional neuroimaging techniques restrict movement and make it difficult to study the processes that require oral, upper limb, or lower limb motor execution. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an optical neuroimaging modality that measures brain oxygenation and permits movement during data acquisition. A key(More)
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