Michelle Baldwin

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The objective of this retrospective case-control study was to develop a model for predicting the likelihood of falls among community-dwelling older adults. SUBJECTS Forty-four community-dwelling adults (> or = 65 years of age) with and without a history of falls participated. METHODS Subjects completed a health status(More)
BACKGROUND This study used a dual task design to investigate the effects of two different types of cognitive tasks on stability (as measured by center of pressure displacement) in young vs older adults with and without a history of falls. METHODS Two secondary cognitive tasks, a sentence completion and a visual perceptual matching task, were used to(More)
Neonatal hearing screening of all babies within the maternity unit is now feasible using transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) recording. However, in many maternity units in the United Kingdom, the majority of babies are discharged within the first 48 hours. During the first two days of life, there is a higher proportion of babies in whom emissions(More)
The contribution of parental suspicion in the original identification of a 16 year cohort of 171 children with varying degrees of hearing impairment who were screened and identified in childhood was studied. Only a quarter of the children with permanent hearing loss were identified as a result of parental concern. The presence of parental suspicion(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This prospective clinical investigation examined the effects of a multidimensional exercise program on balance, mobility, and risk for falls in community-dwelling older adults with a history of falling. Factors used to predict adherence and a successful response to exercise were identified. SUBJECTS A total of 105 community-dwelling(More)
BACKGROUND Newborn hearing screening has been nationally implemented, but longitudinal cohort follow-up is required to inform Children's Hearing Services of the requirements for postneonatal care pathways. METHODS A 10-year cohort of 35 668 births enrolled into a Universal Neonatal Hearing Screen was followed up until the children had completed the first(More)
The value of otoacoustic emissions as an objective screening test for normal peripheral auditory function in infants is currently the subject of extensive and promising research. Additionally the measurement of cochlear emissions is potentially useful when children cannot be tested reliably by traditional subjective methods but confirmation of normal(More)
From a cohort of 10,686 live births, 322 (3%) were identified as being at risk of a hearing impairment defined as moderate, or worse. These neonates were screened by measurement of auditory brainstem responses. The neonatal at risk screening programme was effective in terms of both yield and cost. The mean age at which hearing aids were fitted was 6 months(More)
AIM To assess delay in confirming hearing impairment in infants identified by universal neonatal screening and to investigate the causes. PATIENTS Infants identified from 25 199 babies screened from January 1992 to December 1997. METHODS A two stage transient evoked oto-acoustic emission test (TEOAE), with a threshold auditory brainstem response (ABR)(More)
Sixty long-stay patients who were demented or withdrawn or both were randomly allocated to reality orientation or diversional occupational therapy and were assessed blind on two scales. Owing to a high drop-out rate only 19 organic and 19 functional patients satisfied reasonable criteria for inclusion in the analyses. Those treated by reality orientation(More)