Michelle Anne Williams

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A high level of endogenous estrogen in utero has been hypothesized to be a possible risk factor for breast cancer. We used information from two population-based case-control studies to investigate the relation between perinatal factors and risk of invasive breast cancer among women age 21-45 years (746 cases, 960 controls) and women age 50-64 years (401(More)
Physical activity has been associated with a reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, but inferences have been hampered by recall and selection bias. The authors examined the relation between recreational physical activity before and during pregnancy and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in a prospective cohort study. In 1996-2000, 909(More)
Despite the maternal and infant morbidity associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), few modifiable risk factors have been identified. We explored the relation between recreational physical activity performed during the year before and during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy and the risk of GDM. 155 GDM cases and 386 normotensive, non-diabetic(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite the well-documented benefits of a physically active lifestyle, over 25% of American adults report that they never engage in regular recreational physical activity. Little is known about the determinants of physical activity among pregnant women. We investigated the predictors of physical activity in 386 normotensive pregnant women. (More)
Preeclampsia and diabetes are complications of pregnancy that contribute to maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. Results emerging from molecular studies of placentae may elucidate etiologically important genomic alterations. Appropriate application of real time reverse transcription (RT) PCR in comparative gene expression studies requires endogenous(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of posttranscription regulation in preeclampsia is largely unknown. We investigated preeclampsia-related placental microRNA (miRNA) expression using microarray and confirmatory quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction experiments. STUDY DESIGN Placental expressions of characterized and novel miRNAs (1295 probes) were measured in(More)
Objectives. To examine the extent to which measures of adiposity can be used to predict selected components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP). Methods. A total of 1,518 Peruvian adults were included in this study. Waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist-height ratio (WHtR), and visceral(More)
Depression is often underdiagnosed and undertreated in primary care settings, particularly in developing countries. This is, in part, due to challenges resulting from lack of skilled mental health workers, stigma associated with mental illness, and lack of cross-culturally validated screening instruments. We conducted this study to evaluate the reliability(More)
BACKGROUND Preterm delivery and preeclampsia are common adverse pregnancy outcomes that have been inconsistently associated with ambient air pollutant exposures. OBJECTIVES We aimed to prospectively examine relations between exposures to ambient carbon monoxide (CO) and fine particulate matter [≤ 2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5)] and risks of(More)
Objective. To evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III criteria among working East African adults. Design. This cross-sectional study of 1,935 individuals (1,171 men and 764 women) was conducted among working adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The study(More)