Michelle Alfa

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Specific primer pairs were selected for the PCR amplification of 14 tetracycline resistant genes commonly found in Gram positive and Gram negative organisms. Combinations of primer pairs were used in multiplex PCR reactions to detect specific groups of tet genes as follows; Group I tet (B), tet (C), tet (D); Group II tet (A), tet (E), tet (G); Group III tet(More)
Phenotypic and genotypic methods were used to characterize extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli isolated in 2007 from 11 different Canadian medical centers. Of the 209 ESBL-producing E. coli isolates tested, 148 (71%) produced CTX-M-15, 17 (8%) produced CTX-M-14, 5 (2%) produced CTX-M-3, and 1 produced CTX-M-27. Overall, 96(More)
The microbial cause of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis is an important determinant of clinical outcome and the basis of widely used treatment guidelines. Five hundred forty-six cases of peritonitis in 374 patients from 1991 to 1998 were analyzed. The rate of peritonitis declined significantly from 1.37 episodes/patient-year in 1991 to 0.55(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the reliability of the real-time PCR assay for determining the group B Streptococcus (GBS) status of women in labor. In this prospective study we compared the results of culture and PCR testing of vaginal and rectal samples collected by nursing staff when women were in labor. Patients' charts were also reviewed(More)
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CAD) is a very common nosocomial infection that contributes significantly to patient morbidity and mortality as well as to the cost of hospitalization. Previously, strains of toxin A-negative, toxin B-positive C. difficile were not thought to be associated with clinically significant disease. This study reports the(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry represents a revolution in the rapid identification of bacterial and fungal pathogens in the clinical microbiology laboratory. Recently, MALDI-TOF has been applied directly to positive blood culture bottles for the rapid identification of pathogens, leading to(More)
A panel of 24 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains was distributed to 15 laboratories in Canada to evaluate their in-house pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) protocols and interpretation criteria. Attempts to compare fingerprint images using computer-aided analysis were not successful due to variability in individual laboratory PFGE(More)
OBJECTIVE To review experience with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in tertiary acute-care teaching hospitals on the Canadian prairies. DESIGN Retrospective review for a 36-month period, 1990 through 1992. SETTING Five tertiary acute-care teaching hospitals in three Canadian prairie provinces. METHODS MRSA isolates and(More)
A prospective, quantitative assessment was undertaken of the effect of drying on the bacterial load in duodenoscopes that had been used for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedures. The endoscopes were washed and disinfected using an automatic washer and samples were taken through the suction channel at 2, 24 and 48 h post-disinfection.(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the clinical presentation, immunogenetics, and serum immune response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in a cohort of patients with post-Salmonella reactive arthritis (ReA). METHODS A validate ReA screening questionnaire (Quest 2) was mailed to 919 individuals reporting symptoms of gastroenteritis to the health department after eating at a(More)