Learn More
Specific primer pairs were selected for the PCR amplification of 14 tetracycline resistant genes commonly found in Gram positive and Gram negative organisms. Combinations of primer pairs were used in multiplex PCR reactions to detect specific groups of tet genes as follows; Group I tet (B), tet (C), tet (D); Group II tet (A), tet (E), tet (G); Group III tet(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry represents a revolution in the rapid identification of bacterial and fungal pathogens in the clinical microbiology laboratory. Recently, MALDI-TOF has been applied directly to positive blood culture bottles for the rapid identification of pathogens, leading to(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the clinical presentation, immunogenetics, and serum immune response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in a cohort of patients with post-Salmonella reactive arthritis (ReA). METHODS A validate ReA screening questionnaire (Quest 2) was mailed to 919 individuals reporting symptoms of gastroenteritis to the health department after eating at a(More)
The recovery rates of group B streptococcus (GBS) from anorectal swabs (RS) and vaginal swabs (VS) that were enriched were compared to the routine method to determine the optimal procedure. Separate RS and VS were collected from women attending antenatal clinics. RS and VS were placed in 2 ml enrichment and selective broth. Swabs were inoculated onto(More)
BACKGROUND C. difficle spores in the environment of patients with C. difficile associated disease (CDAD) are difficult to eliminate. Bleach (5000 ppm) has been advocated as an effective disinfectant for the environmental surfaces of patients with CDAD. Few alternatives to bleach for non-outbreak conditions have been evaluated in controlled healthcare(More)
A panel of 24 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains was distributed to 15 laboratories in Canada to evaluate their in-house pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) protocols and interpretation criteria. Attempts to compare fingerprint images using computer-aided analysis were not successful due to variability in individual laboratory PFGE(More)
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CAD) is a very common nosocomial infection that contributes significantly to patient morbidity and mortality as well as to the cost of hospitalization. Previously, strains of toxin A-negative, toxin B-positive C. difficile were not thought to be associated with clinically significant disease. This study reports the(More)
The microbial cause of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis is an important determinant of clinical outcome and the basis of widely used treatment guidelines. Five hundred forty-six cases of peritonitis in 374 patients from 1991 to 1998 were analyzed. The rate of peritonitis declined significantly from 1.37 episodes/patient-year in 1991 to 0.55(More)
A questionnaire relating to Clostridium difficile disease incidence and diagnostic practices was sent to 380 Canadian hospitals (all with > 50 beds). The national questionnaire response rate was 63%. In-house testing was performed in 17.6, 61.5, and 74.2% of the hospitals with < 300, 300 to 500, and > 500 beds, respectively. The average test positivity(More)