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BACKGROUND Functional brain imaging studies of major depression have consistently revealed hypometabolism or hypoperfusion in specific regions of the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia. Studies of cognitive functioning in major depression have suggested that some but not all subjects exhibit cognitive deficits that are consistent with frontal-subcortical(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been proposed that 50%-75% of the efficacy of antidepressant medication represents the placebo effect, since many depressed patients improve when treated with either medication or placebo. This study examined brain function in depressed subjects receiving either active medication or placebo and sought to determine whether quantitative(More)
Previous studies have shown that changes in brain function precede clinical response to antidepressant medications. Here we examined quantitative EEG (QEEG) absolute and relative power and a new measure, cordance, for detecting regional changes associated with treatment response. Fifty-one adults with unipolar depression completed treatment trials using(More)
BACKGROUND Depressed patients have a variety of brain structural alterations, the most common being atrophy and deep white-matter lesions. Alterations in brain function also are common, particularly regional decreases in cerebral metabolism and perfusion. METHOD We review here the evidence that alterations in brain structure and function may explain some(More)
A novel sterically hindered platinum complex, AMD473 [cis-aminedichloro(2-methylpyridine) platinum (II)], has been selected for phase I clinical trials due to commence in 1997. AMD473 was rationally designed to react preferentially with nucleic acids over sulphur ligands such as glutathione. This report documents the in vitro circumvention of acquired(More)
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a lifelong and recurrent illness, such that many individuals require multiple courses of antidepressant medication treatment. While some patients respond completely to each course of treatment, many do not, and with each unsuccessful antidepressant trial the likelihood that a patient will respond decreases. This raises the(More)
Prior investigations have reported that changes in the prefrontal electroencephalogram (EEG) precede symptom improvement from antidepressant medications, and could serve as a biomarker of treatment outcome in major depressive disorder (MDD). A new physiologically defined region of interest (ROI), overlying the midline and right frontal (MRF) cortical area,(More)
OBJECTIVE Antidepressant medications are efficacious overall; however, some individuals experience worsening mood symptoms and increased suicidal ideation (SI) during treatment. We examined the quantitative electroencephalographic (QEEG) cordance biomarker of brain function biomarker in relation to treatment-emergent symptom worsening. METHOD Seventy-two(More)
Treatment with antidepressants is marked by heterogeneity of response; predicting individual response to any given agent remains problematic. Neuroimaging studies suggest that response is accompanied by physiologic changes in cerebral energy utilization, but have not provided useful markers at pretreatment baseline. Using quantitative EEG (QEEG) techniques,(More)
CONTEXT Healthy elderly persons commonly show 4 types of change in brain structure-cortical atrophy, central atrophy, deep white-matter hyperintensities, and periventricular hyperintensities-as forms of subclinical structural brain disease (SSBD). OBJECTIVES To characterize the volumes of SSBD present with aging and to determine the associations of SSBD,(More)