Michelle A Swanson-Mungerson

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Despite the identification of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in tumors of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) over 40 years ago, the exact contribution of EBV to BL is undefined. EBV encodes for multiple proteins in latent B cells that affect B cell survival and activation. One such protein, latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A), protects B cells from numerous pro-apoptotic(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latently infected B-cells are the precursors of EBV-associated malignancies. EBV-infection induces the production of pro-survival and anti-inflammatory cytokines that may be important in the transition between latency and malignancy. One EBV protein, LMP2A, can be detected in both latently infected resting B-cells and in(More)
The beta-2-adrenergic receptor (beta(2)AR) is expressed by most lymphocyte populations and binds the sympathetic neurotransmitter norepinephrine (NE). Stimulation of the beta(2)AR is reported to be the primary mechanism by which signals from the sympathetic nervous system influence both cell-mediated and humoral immunity. We report here that body/organ(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been associated with autoimmune diseases for over 40 years. However, the mechanisms by which EBV might promote autoimmune development remain elusive. Many of the hypotheses for the means by which EBV might achieve this incorporate the idea that autoimmune responses are initially immune responses against EBV proteins that(More)
A significant percentage of the population latently harbors Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in B cells. One EBV-encoded protein, latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A), is expressed in tissue culture models of EBV latent infection, in human infections, and in many of the EBV-associated proliferative disorders. LMP2A constitutively activates proteins involved in the(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) establishes latent infections in a significant percentage of the population. Latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) is an EBV protein expressed during latency that inhibits B-cell receptor signaling in lymphoblastoid cell lines. In the present study, we have utilized a transgenic mouse system in which LMP2A is expressed in B cells that(More)
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is characterized by translocation of the MYC gene to an immunoglobulin locus. Transgenic mouse models have been used to study the molecular changes that are necessary to bypass tumor suppression in the presence of translocated MYC. Inactivation of the p53 pathway is a major step to tumor formation in mouse models that is also seen in(More)
In cell lines, the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded protein latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) protects B-cells from apoptosis by blocking B-cell receptor (BCR) signalling. However, EBV-infected B-cells in vivo are extremely different from cell lines. This study used a murine transgenic model in which B-cells express LMP2A and a BCR specific for hen egg(More)
Previous data demonstrate that Epstein-Barr Virus Latent Membrane Protein 2A (LMP2A) enhances IL-10 to promote the survival of LMP2A-expressing B cell lymphomas. Since STAT3 is an important regulator of IL-10 production, we hypothesized that LMP2A activates a signal transduction cascade that increases STAT3 phosphorylation to enhance IL-10. Using(More)