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In comparison to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) polymorphism, the impact of allelic sequence variation within T cell receptor (TCR) loci is much less understood. Particular TCR loci have been associated with autoimmunity, but the molecular basis for this phenomenon is undefined. We examined the T cell response to an HLA-B*3501-restricted epitope(More)
To follow the fate of CD8+ T cells responsive to Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) infection, we generated an MHC I-restricted TCR transgenic mouse line against this pathogen. T cells from this line, termed PbT-I T cells, were able to respond to blood-stage infection by PbA and two other rodent malaria species, P. yoelii XNL and P. chabaudi AS. These PbT-I T(More)
Fluorochrome-conjugated peptide-major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) multimers are widely used for flow cytometric visualization of antigen-specific T cells. The most common multimers, streptavidin-biotin-based 'tetramers', can be manufactured readily in the laboratory. Unfortunately, there are large differences between the threshold of T cell receptor(More)
Progress in tumor immunology has not been translated to effective immunotherapies for cancer. Most of the current effort in basic and clinical research concentrates on generating effective immune responses against model or well characterized antigens, yet vaccines targeting defined antigens have been less clinically successful than those based on whole(More)
High-throughput T cell receptor sequencing on sequentially banked blood samples from healthy individuals has shown that high-frequency clonotypes can remain relatively stable for up to 18 years, with minimal inflation, deflation, or turnover. These populations included T cell expansions specific for Epstein-Barr virus. Thus, in spite of exposure to a(More)
ment and challenges of malignant disease in the CNS in paediatric leukaemia. The Lancet Oncology, 9, 257–268. Pui, C.H. & Thiel, E. (2009) Central nervous system disease in hematologic malignancies: historical perspective and practical applications. Seminars in Oncology, 36, S2–S16. Pui, C.H., Campana, D., Pei, D., Bowman, W.P., Sandlund, J.T., Kaste, S.C.,(More)
The ability to use circulating peripheral blood cells and matched tumor sequencing data as a basis for neoantigen prediction has exciting possibilities for application in the personalized treatment of cancer patients. We have used a high-throughput screening approach, combining whole-exome sequence data, mRNA microarrays, and publicly available epitope(More)
Mutations within T cell epitopes represent a common mechanism of viral escape from the host protective immune response. The diverse T cell repertoire and the extensive human leukocyte antigen (HLA) polymorphism across populations is the evolutionary response to viral mutation. However, the molecular basis underpinning the interplay between HLA polymorphism,(More)
Class I HLAs generally present peptides of 8-10 aa in length, although it is unclear whether peptide length preferences are affected by HLA polymorphism. In this study, we investigated the CD8(+) T cell response to the BZLF1 Ag of EBV, which includes overlapping sequences of different size that nevertheless conform to the binding motif of the large and(More)
The TCR plays a critical role in recognizing intracellular pathogens and initiating pathways leading to the destruction of infected cells by the immune system. Although genetic variability is known to greatly impact on the human immune system and the outcome of infection, the influence of sequence variation leading to the inactivation or deletion of TCR(More)