Michelle A. Nannini

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Numerous studies have demonstrated that drugs of abuse activate the mesolimbic dopamine reward pathway, and it is widely held that this activation contributes to the motivational and positive reinforcing properties of these substances. However, there is evidence that endogenous opioid systems within this brain reward circuit also play a role in drug(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is widely distributed throughout the brain and has been shown to mediate numerous endocrine and behavioral responses to stressors. During acute ethanol withdrawal, CRF release is increased in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA), and there is evidence to suggest that this activation of amygdala CRF systems may(More)
The low rate of approval of novel anti-cancer agents underscores the need for better preclinical models of therapeutic response as neither xenografts nor early-generation genetically engineered mouse models (GEMMs) reliably predict human clinical outcomes. Whereas recent, sporadic GEMMs emulate many aspects of their human disease counterpart more closely,(More)
This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the RSA meeting in Montreal, Canada. The organizer was Andrey E. Ryabinin, and the chair was George F. Koob. The presentations were (1) Introduction, by Stephen C. Heinrichs; (2) Role of CRF and its receptors in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to alcohol, by Soon Lee and Catherine Rivier;(More)
Resistance to anti-angiogenic therapy can occur via several potential mechanisms. Unexpectedly, recent studies showed that short-term inhibition of either VEGF or VEGFR enhanced tumour invasiveness and metastatic spread in preclinical models. In an effort to evaluate the translational relevance of these findings, we examined the consequences of long-term(More)
Abstract Rationale. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) plays an integral role in mediating stress responses and anxiety. However, little is known regarding the role of CRF in ethanol consumption, a behavior often associated with stress and anxiety in humans. Objective. The present study sought to determine the role of CRF in ethanol consumption, locomotor(More)
The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus is known to modulate feeding, obesity, and ethanol intake. Neuropeptide-Y (NPY), which is released endogenously by neurons projecting from the arcuate nucleus to the PVN, is one of the most potent stimulants of feeding behavior known. The role of NPY in the PVN on ethanol self-administration is unknown.(More)
PURPOSE We describe the preclinical pharmacology and antitumor activity of GDC-0068, a novel highly selective ATP-competitive pan-Akt inhibitor currently in clinical trials for the treatment of human cancers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The effect of GDC-0068 on Akt signaling was characterized using specific biomarkers of the Akt pathway, and response to GDC-0068(More)
Withdrawal from chronic ethanol consumption can be accompanied by motor seizures, which may be a result of altered GABA(A) receptor function. Recently, we have generated and characterized mice lacking the epsilon isoform of protein kinase C as being supersensitive to the behavioral and biochemical effects of positive GABA(A) receptor allosteric modulators,(More)
Recent achievements in the development of multitargeted molecular inhibitors necessitate a better understanding of the contribution of activity against individual targets to their efficacy. SU11248, a small-molecule inhibitor targeting class III/V receptor tyrosine kinases, including the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and vascular endothelial growth(More)