Michelle A McIntosh

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Four sets of experiments were conducted to examine the influence of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers during proliferation and differentiation of cultures of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes using physiological culturing conditions. Cultures treated with either albumin [bovine serum albumin (BSA) vehicle] or linoleic acid (LA) served as controls. For the(More)
OBJECTIVE Myocardial cellular electrophysiology and intracellular Ca2+ regulation are altered in heart failure. The extent of these changes may vary within the layers of the ventricular wall. To examine this, cell size, action potential and intracellular Ca2+ transient characteristics (Fura-2) were measured in single cardiac myocytes from sub-epicardial,(More)
Background:Obesity is linked to chronic inflammation in white adipose tissue, which is exacerbated by infiltrating macrophages (MΦs). We recently demonstrated that an extract from grape powder (GPE), which is abundant in quercetin (QUE), reduced inflammation in human MΦs and prevented MΦ-mediated inflammation and insulin resistance in human adipocytes.(More)
We have studied the action potential characteristics and potassium currents in single left ventricular myocytes isolated from control and hypertrophied rabbit hearts. Left-ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was induced following perinephritis-induced hypertension. Control animals underwent a sham operation. Animals were killed at 10 weeks post-operation.(More)
Synthesis of the androgen dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) by the fetal adrenal gland is important for placental estrogen production and may also be important for modulating the effects of glucocorticoids on the developing brain. The presence of cortisol in spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus) blood led us to determine whether the adrenal gland of this precocial(More)
Although the neuronal nicotinic beta3 subunit was cloned several years ago, it has only recently been shown to form heteromeric channels when associated with other nicotinic subunits, and very little information is available concerning its assembly in the native nicotinic receptors of the nervous system. Using subunit-specific antibodies and(More)
A series of experiments was conducted using 3T3-L1 preadipocytes as the cell model to determine: (i) whether the triglyceride (TG)-lowering effects of a crude mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers were due to a specific isomer of CLA and the timing of treatment, (ii) if CLA reduced TG content by inhibiting a key regulator of adipogenesis, (iii)(More)
Background:Obesity-associated inflammation is characterized by an increased abundance of macrophages (MΦs) in white adipose tissue (WAT), leading to the production of inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and prostaglandins (PGs) that can cause insulin resistance. Grape powder extract (GPE) is rich in phenolic phytochemicals that possess anti-oxidant and(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the antiobesity actions of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) are due to an influence on preadipocyte proliferation and/or differentiation in primary cultures of pig and rat stromal-vascular (SV) cells. Pig SV cells were isolated from dorsal subcutaneous adipose tissue of 7-day-old pigs. For the proliferation(More)
The electrophysiologic effects of a new anti-arrhythmic agent NE-10064 were compared with known class III drugs, E-4031 and sotalol, in sheep Purkinje fibres paced at 1 Hz under normal and simulated ischaemic conditions. NE-10064 0.3-3 microM and sotalol 0.3-300 microM prolonged action potential duration at 90% of repolarization (APD90) and effective(More)