Michelle A. Long

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We studied the synthesis, cleavage rates, and oral administration of prodrugs of the HIV protease inhibitors (PIs) lopinavir and ritonavir. Phosphate esters attached directly to the central hydroxyl groups of these PIs did not demonstrate enzyme-mediated cleavage in vitro and did not provide measurable plasma levels of the parent drugs in vivo. However,(More)
A series of (5-substituted pyrrolidinyl-2-carbonyl)-2-cyanopyrrolidine (C5-Pro-Pro) analogues was discovered as dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) inhibitors as a potential treatment of diabetes and obesity. X-ray crystallography data show that these inhibitors bind to the catalytic site of DPPIV with the cyano group forming a covalent bond with the serine(More)
Purpose. To define an index based on the van't Hoff equation that can be used as a screening tool for predicting poly(ethylene) glycol (PEG)-drug eutectic composition. Methods. Phase diagrams of PEG with ritonavir, ibuprofen, fenofibrate, naproxen, and griseofulvin were constructed using differential scanning calorimetry, hot stage microscopy and powder(More)
This study was designed to investigate the precipitation of a lipophilic drug following dispersion of lipid formulations in water. The model drug fenofibrate was formulated in representative lipid delivery systems designed for oral administration, using medium chain glycerides, polysorbates, and propylene glycol as excipients. Aqueous dispersion of(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors are poised to be the next major drug class for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Structure-activity studies of substitutions at the C5 position of the 2-cyanopyrrolidide warhead led to the discovery of potent inhibitors of DPP-IV that lack activity against DPP8 and DPP9. Further modification led to an extremely(More)
e16543 Background: American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Guidelines recommend that oncology patients be routinely screened for tobacco use, advised to quit, and offered assistance to quit. Unfortunately, the effectiveness of these guidelines has not been established in overall cancer populations(More)
Delayed cardiac repolarization and fatal proarrhythmia have been linked to block of the repolarizing current, Ikr or hERG (human ether-a-go-go related gene) current. Thus, determining the potency of hERG block is critical in evaluating cardiac safety during preclinical development. Hydroxypropyl beta-cyclodextrins (HbetaC) are cyclic oligosaccharides used(More)
As a probe of the 3-methylisoxazole portion of our broad-spectrum antipicornaviral series, a panel of 2-acetylfuran analogues was prepared as replacements for the 3-methylisoxazole ring. Comparison of the two series showed remarkable similarity in potency, spectrum of activity, logP, and electrostatic parameters. X-ray studies of 21b bound to human(More)
A series of 1,2,4-oxadiazoles has been prepared as ester bioisosteres and tested against 15 human rhinovirus serotypes, and the MIC80, the concentration which inhibits 80% or 12 of the serotypes tested, was determined. Homologation of the alkyl group attached to the oxadiazole ring resulted in a reduction in activity with increased chain length.(More)