Michelle A Lightfoot

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BACKGROUND Pulmonary complications following injury significantly contribute to subsequent mortality. Obese patients have preexisting risk factors for pulmonary complications, and are at risk for these complications following elective surgery. Whether or not obesity contributes to pulmonary complications after critical injury is poorly understood. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a proinflammatory condition that often complicates trauma and critical illness. Animal studies have shown that both gender and sex hormones play an important role in inflammatory regulation. Human data are scant regarding the role of gender and sex hormones in developing ARDS. Our objective was to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Proper cleaving of reusable laser fibers is needed to maintain optimal functionality. This study quantifies the effect of different cleaving tools on power output of the holmium laser fiber and demonstrates morphologic changes using microscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS The uncleaved tips of new 272 μm reusable laser fibers were used to(More)
INTRODUCTION The factors that contribute to continence following robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) are currently being investigated. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of the bladder neck location on postoperative cystogram to subsequent continence rates following RARP. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective review of 611(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) has high sensitivity, specificity, and is able to predict stone composition using Hounsfield units (HU) but is associated with high radiation exposure. In an attempt to reduce radiation exposure, low-dose stone protocols have been developed that provide excellent detection of stones. It is not(More)
INTRODUCTION Fibroepithelial polyps are benign mesenchymal tumors arising from the urinary tract. With the advent of endoscopy in the pediatric population, more reports of endoscopic diagnosis and treatment have appeared. OBJECTIVE The present study reports experience with the diagnosis and treatment of fibroepithelial polyps of the upper urinary tract in(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Vaginal cuff dehiscence and evisceration are rare but potentially serious complications of hysterectomy. In this article, we review the incidence, risk factors, management, and preventive measures for dehiscence based on available literature. RECENT FINDINGS Identifying risk factors for dehiscence is challenging because studies lack(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES Upper pole access (UPA) to the kidney optimizes working angles during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). However, many surgeons are hesitant to employ UPA due to concerns for increased postoperative pain and complications. In this study, we compare perioperative pain and outcomes for PCNL performed through UPA with middle and(More)
INTRODUCTION The efficiency of holmium laser lithotripsy for urolithiasis depends upon several factors, including laser pulse energy and frequency and stone composition and retropulsion. This study investigates the complex interplay between these factors and quantifies lithotripsy efficiency using different laser settings in a benchtop kidney and ureter(More)
Ovarian cysts are common in the reproductive age. Pathologic cysts such as endometriomas and dermoids often require surgical intervention if symptomatic. Laparoscopic cystectomy is the first-line treatment for these cysts and is associated with better pain control and less recurrence than drainage or cyst ablation procedures. There has been an emerging(More)