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This laboratory research compared the reliability, validity, and accuracy of a computerized adaptive rating scale (CARS) format and 2 relatively common and representative rating formats. The CARS is a paired-comparison rating task that uses adaptive testing principles to present pairs of scaled behavioral statements to the rater to iteratively estimate a(More)
A program to address the psychological sequelae of patients' assaults on psychiatric health care staff--the Assaulted Staff Action Program (ASAP)--was previously shown to be associated with a notable decline in the assault rate at the state hospital where it was implemented. This study examined whether these findings would be replicated when ASAP was(More)
Although the downsizing and closing of state mental hospitals is occurring with increasing frequency nationwide, there appears to be only one case study of the clinical impacts of downsizing state hospitals. In this study, Snyder reported a four-fold increase in frequency of assaults on staff as the hospital census decreased. The present paper is a second(More)
Recently, Rosenbaum noted a rise in the number of patient assaults on staff. He attributed this increase to a lax milieu of impaired structures, boundaries, and leadership. This case study reports on a sharp decline in violence on three lax units in one state mental hospital, when new management fielded initiatives to strengthen the structures and(More)
Most studies of patient assaults against staff operationally define violence as episodes of unwanted physical or sexual contact. This study empirically assessed a broader range of patient violence by including verbal and nonverbal threats in addition to sexual and physical assaults. Preliminary data from a statewide survey suggested that patient threats(More)
During the next century-if not before-a variety of issues associated with mental health care in the United States need to be addressed and resolved nationwide, including securing full parity for patients with psychiatric disorders, improving the overall medical health of psychiatric patients, establishing the effectiveness as well as the efficacy of new(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: a b s t r a c t Glacial Lake Missoula formed when the Purcell Trench lobe of the(More)
Previous studies have noted the paradox of the dually-diagnosed (serious mental illness and substance abuse) in which the dually-diagnosed are judged to be both behaviorally more disorganized and simultaneously more socially competent. This study sought to further assess this paradox with a large sample size and a comprehensive assessment approach. In this(More)
1 INTRODUCTION This revised edition of the Guidelines for Academic Papers and Research Projects (2001) includes specific changes; most notably, it reflects the fifth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2001). Rather than distribute this manual to students as they begin Research Methods and the Research Project, which(More)