Michelle A. Berny-Lang

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The routine observation of tumor emboli in the peripheral blood of patients with carcinomas raises questions about the clinical relevance of these circulating tumor cells. Thrombosis is a common clinical manifestation of cancer, and circulating tumor cells may play a pathogenetic role in this process. The presence of coagulation-associated molecules on(More)
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients with similarly low platelet counts differ in their tendency to bleed. To determine if differences in platelet function in ITP patients account for this variation in bleeding tendency, we conducted a single-center, cross-sectional study of pediatric patients with ITP. Bleeding severity (assessed by standardized bleeding(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Treatment of ischemic stroke by activation of endogenous plasminogen using tissue plasminogen activator is limited by bleeding side effects. In mice, treatment of experimental ischemic stroke with activated protein C improves outcomes; however, activated protein C also has bleeding side effects. In contrast, activation of endogenous(More)
Blood coagulation factor XI (FXI) is an established risk factor for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and thrombosis, but is also needed for normal hemostasis. Contact factor XII (FXII), an upstream activator of FXI, also contributes to experimental stroke, but is not required for hemostasis. We investigated whether selectively inhibiting FXII-mediated FXI(More)
UNLABELLED Because Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) and X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT) patients have microthrombocytopenia, hemorrhage is a major problem. We asked whether eltrombopag, a thrombopoietic agent, would increase platelet counts, improve platelet activation, and/or reduce bleeding in WAS/XLT patients. In 9 WAS/XLT patients and 8 age-matched(More)
INTRODUCTION Early and accurate identification of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) vs. noncardiac chest pain in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) is problematic and new diagnostic markers are needed. Previous studies reported that elevated mean platelet volume (MPV) is associated with ACS and predictive of cardiovascular risk. MPV is closely(More)
Platelet activation/aggregation in sickle cell disease (SCD) may promote tissue ischemia, suggesting that antiplatelet therapy may be useful. However, the assessment of platelet function and the effect of antiplatelet therapy in blood from SCD patients may be confounded by hemolysis with the release of adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP). Here we evaluate the(More)
A low-dimensional parametric deformation model of a cancer cell under shear flow is developed. The model is built around an experiment in which MDA-MB-231 adherent cells are subjected to flow with increasing shear. The cell surface deformation is imaged using differential interference contrast microscopy imaging techniques until the cell releases into the(More)
Currently approved platelet adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor antagonists target only the platelet P2Y12 receptor. Moreover, especially in patients with acute coronary syndromes, there is a strong need for rapidly acting and reversible antiplatelet agents in order to minimize the risk of thrombotic events and bleeding complications. In this study, a(More)
The extravasation of lymphocytes across central nervous system (CNS) vascular endothelium is a key step in inflammatory demyelinating diseases including multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) and its receptor, CD44, have been implicated in this process but their precise roles are(More)