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BACKGROUND/AIMS Nucleic acid testing (NAT) for hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in blood donations identified occult HBV infection (OBI) as a potential threat to blood safety. METHODS A collaborative study was undertaken to explore the molecular basis of OBIs prevalent in Europe in relation to clinical and serological data. RESULTS Ninety-one percent of 77(More)
Plasma and platelet taurine concentrations were assayed in 39 patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and in 34 control subjects matched for age, sex, and both total and protein-derived daily energy intake. Platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid in vitro at baseline and after oral taurine supplementation (1.5 g/d) for 90 d was(More)
Context. In the framework of the study of the X-ray and optical emission in supernova remnants we focus on an isolated X-ray knot in the northern rim of the Vela SNR (Vela FilD), whose X-ray emission has been studied and discussed in Paper I. Aims. We aim at understanding the physical origin of the X-ray and optical emission in FilD, at understanding the(More)
Reduced glutathione (GSH) and activity of GSH related enzymes play a key role in defence against oxygen free radicals, whose production is, as known, raised in patients affected by diabetes mellitus, and at the same time they may contribute to the process of platelet aggregation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate GSH levels and activity of(More)
Many different aetiological agents stimulate alanine aminotransferase (ALT) production. Viral markers and other aetiologies were investigated in 2166 individuals, randomly selected from 10,000 consecutive blood donors. Elevation of ALT was found in 10.8% of subjects. Grouping donors according to ALT level and correlating with, respectively, hepatitis B core(More)
Receptors for different monoamines, peptides and other neurohormones are present in the plasma membrane of platelets, and the sophisticated process of haemostasis is regulated by the interplay of their physiologic agonists (1). The recent report of a platelet binding site for phencyclidine (2) suggested a possible role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)(More)
Several 2,7-di(N-cycloamino)-3-phenyl-1,8-naphthyridine derivatives were synthesized and tested for their ability to inhibit human platelet aggregation in vitro induced by arachidonic acid, collagen and ADP. Only five compounds showed any appreciable activity, and the results of all the active derivatives were similar to those of papaverine in the test with(More)
BACKGROUND As diabetes mellitus represents a situation in which production of peroxides is increased, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between plasma and platelet levels of ascorbic acid (AA)/dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) and those of malonyldialdehyde (MDA), an indirect marker of lipoperoxides, both assayed using high-performance(More)