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Nanoparticles of griseofulvin, a model drug with poor solubility and low bioavailability, were prepared from water dilutable microemulsions by the solvent diffusion technique. Solvent-in-water microemulsion formulations containing water, butyl lactate, lecithin, taurodeoxycholate sodium salt (TDC) or dipotassium glycyrrhizinate (KG), 1,2-propanediol or(More)
A preparation method for nanoparticles based on the emulsification of a butyl lactate or benzyl alcohol solution of a solid lipid in an aqueous solution of different emulsifiers, followed by dilution of the emulsion with water, was used to prepare glyceryl monostearate nanodispersions with narrow size distribution. To increase the lipid load the process was(More)
Several O/W microemulsions, O/W and W/O emulsions and a W/O/W multiple emulsion were prepared using non-ionic, non-ethoxylated, skin compatible emulsifiers. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) was added to the emulsified systems and its stability against oxidation was studied at 45.0 degrees C in aerobic conditions and compared with that in aqueous solutions at(More)
Lipid emulsion particles containing 10% of medium chain triglycerides were prepared using 2% w/w of a mixture 1:1 w/w of purified soya phosphatidylcholine and 2-hexanoyl phosphatidylcholine as emulsifier mixture, for use as drug carriers. The mean droplet sizes of emulsions, prepared using an Ultra Turrax or a high-pressure homogenizer, were about 288 and(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using liposomes for skin delivery of dipotassium glycyrrhizinate (KG), an anti-inflammatory agent employed in treating acute and chronic dermatitis, and of formulating such liposomes in an oil-in-water emulsion (O/W). KG had emulsifying properties and the possibility of producing elastic liposomes was(More)
Insulin-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN), obtained by the solvent-in-water emulsion-diffusion technique, were produced using isovaleric acid (IVA) as organic phase, glyceryl mono-stearate (GMS) as lipid, soy lecithin and sodium taurodeoxycholate (TDC) as emulsifiers. IVA, a partially water-miscible solvent with low toxicity, was used to dissolve both(More)
Camptothecin (CAM), a plant alkaloid and a potent antitumor agent, has a limited therapeutic utility because of its poor aqueous solubility, lactone ring instability and serious side effects. Cyclodextrin-based nanosponges (NS) are a novel class of cross-linked derivatives of cyclodextrins. They have been used to increase the solubility of poorly soluble(More)
  • M Trotta
  • 1999
The release rates of indomethacin from microemulsions containing water, isopropyl myristate, lecithin, lysolecithin and alcohol are reported. Depending on the composition, the microemulsions transformed on contact with the release medium into emulsions, liquid crystals, or remained as microemulsions. The release rates, measured by monitoring the change in(More)
After an initial screening of ingredients and production methods, nanoemulsions for ocular administration of timolol containing the drug as maleate (TM) or as ion-pair with AOT (TM/AOT) were prepared. The physico-chemical characterization of nanoemulsions, regarding mean diameter, pH, zeta potential, osmolarity, viscosity and surface tension, underlined(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of partially water-miscible solvents, such as benzyl alcohol, butyl lactate and triacetin, to prepare drug nanosuspensions by a solvent quenching technique. Mitotane, which possesses very poor water solubility and low bioavailability, was used as model drug. Preparation was by emulsifying an organic(More)