Michele Sumler

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In vivo percutaneous absorption of 14 pesticides was studied in young (33-d-old) and adult (82-d-old) female Fischer 344 rats, at three different dose levels. Carbon-14-labeled pesticides in acetone were applied to previously clipped middorsal skin. The treatment area was 2-3% of the body surface area. Penetration of the pesticides during a 72-h period(More)
Seven-day-old Long Evans rats received one mumol of 203Hg-labeled methyl mercury/kg sc and whole body retention and tissue distribution of organic and inorganic mercury were examined for 32 days postdosing. Neonates cleared mercury slowly until 10 days postdosing when the clearance rate abruptly increased. During the interval when whole body clearance of(More)
At 56 days of age, male and female Long-Evans rats received 1 mumole of 203Hg-labeled methyl mercuric chloride per kilogram sc and total, organic, and inorganic mercury contents and concentrations in tissues were determined for up to 98 days postdosing. Whole body clearance of mercury was faster in females than in males, and females attained higher peak(More)
Adult male and female Long Evans rats received 1 mumole of methyl (203Hg) mercuric chloride per kilogram sc. Whole-body retention of mercury and excretion of organic and inorganic mercury in urine and feces were monitored for 98 days after dosing. Females cleared mercury from the body more rapidly than did males. The major route of mercury excretion was(More)
Age dependence in dermal absorption has been a major concern in risk assessment. Captan, a chloroalkyl thio heterocyclic fungicide, was selected for study of age dependence as representative of this class of pesticides. Dermal penetration of [14C]captan applied at 0.286 mumol/cm2 was determined in young (33-d-old) and adult (82-d-old) female Fischer 344(More)
Dermal penetration of carbofuran was determined in young (33 d) and adult (82 d) female Fischer 344 rats employing in vivo and in vitro methods. In vivo dermal penetration at 120 h was 43% for young and 18% for adult rats. The half-time for carbofuran skin penetration (in vivo) was 128 h for the young and 400 h for the adults. The young to adult ratio of(More)
[14C]Dinoseb was applied to previously clipped back skin of 33- and 82-day-old female Fischer 344 rats at a dosage range of 210-2680 nmol/cm2. Radioactivity in the treated skin, tissues, urine, and feces was determined at 1, 6, 24, 48, 72, and 120 hr following dermal application. In vitro dermal absorption of [14C]dinoseb was also measured in rats of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the dermal absorption of chemicals in different physical forms when applied to female F344 rats. Chemicals were applied either as a solid, aqueous paste, suspension, or dissolved in the volatile vehicle ethanol. The chemicals investigated were [14C]-2-sec-butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol (DNBP, 4.2 mumol),(More)
Penetration of 2,4,5,2',4',5'-[14C]hexachlorobiphenyl (HCB) through skin of young (33 days) and adult (82 days) female Fischer 344 rats was determined in vivo and by two in vitro methods. In vivo dermal penetration at 120 hr was 45% in young and 43% in adults. At 72 hr in vivo dermal penetration was 35% in young and 26% in adults compared to 1.5% for young(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the toxicokinetics of embryo uptake following exposure to a variety of chemically related phenols in rat embryo culture. The uptake of nine radiolabeled para-substituted phenols by day 10 (9-13 somite stage) rat embryos in vitro was determined from 1 to 42 hrs after being placed in culture media containing various(More)