A CGG repeat sequence located in the 5' untranslated region of the FMR1 gene is polymorphic with respect to size and stability of the repeat during parent-offspring transmission. When expanded to over 200 repeats, the gene is hypermethylated and silenced, leading to fragile X syndrome (FXS). Recently, alleles with large unmethylated repeat tracts… (More)
Vitreous fluorophotometry was performed on eight normal subjects to compare the outward and inward permeabilities of fluorescein into the vitreous. The results indicate that diffusion alone does not account for the outward flow of fluorescein in the vitreous. The possible underlying factors and significance of these findings are discussed.
OBJECTIVE Carriers of the FMR1 premutation allele are at a significantly increased risk for a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder, fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). The primary features of FXTAS are late-onset intention tremor and gait ataxia. Previous reports have shown global deficits in neuropsychological measures among males with… (More)
The blood-retinal barrier (BRB) might be governed by the same permeability principles as the blood-brain barrier (BBB). For a weak acid like fluorescein, BRB permeability would be proportional to its pH-dependent lipid solubility, according to the pH partition hypothesis. A range of metabolic acidosis was produced in 20 rats by the oral administration of… (More)