Michele R. Hutchison

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The MAP kinase cascade is regulated by many hormones and growth factors and its activation leads to changes in properties of cytoplasmic, membrane-associated, and nuclear proteins. The MAP kinases themselves are activated by MEKS. MEKs lie at a point of convergence for multiple upstream signals, mediated by distinct protein kinases, Raf, MEK kinase, and(More)
Several components of the budding yeast pheromone-response pathway are conserved in mammalian mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathways. Thus, we used degenerate oligonucleotides derived from the sequence of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein kinase Ste20p to amplify related sequences from the rat. One of these sequences was used to clone a rat(More)
The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are a family of serine/threonine kinases that are regulated by distinct extracellular stimuli. The currently known members include extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1 (ERK1), ERK2, the c-Jun N-terminal kinase/stress-activated protein kinases (JNK/SAPKs), and p38 MAP kinases. We find that overexpression(More)
Cells continually assess their energy and nutrient state to maintain growth and survival and engage necessary homeostatic mechanisms. Cell-autonomous responses to the fed state require the surveillance of the availability of amino acids and other nutrients. The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) integrates information on nutrient and amino(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in obese and non-overweight children in North Texas, to examine relationships between dietary habits and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level in obese children, and to examine the relationship between 25(OH)D level and markers of abnormal glucose metabolism and blood(More)
We previously reported the cloning of the thousand and one-amino acid protein kinase 1 (TAO1), a rat homolog of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein kinase sterile 20 protein. Here we report the complete sequence and properties of a related rat protein kinase TAO2. Like TAO1, recombinant TAO2 selectively activated mitogen-activated protein/extracellular(More)
In the evolutionarily distant yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, genetic evidence suggests that activation of pheromone-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades involves the function of the p21cdc42/racl-activated protein kinases (PAKs) Ste20 and Shk1, respectively. In this report, we show that purified Ste20 and(More)
We previously demonstrated that bovine epiphyseal chondrocytes separated by density gradient centrifugation differ in proliferative response to IGF-I and IGF-I receptor number. To identify novel modifiers of IGF-I action at the growth plate, we used microarray analyses to compare bovine hypertrophic and reserve zones and identified several receptors(More)
The ERK and p38 MAPK pathways are well-known transducers of signals that regulate proliferation and differentiation, but precisely how these pathways control growth plate chondrocyte development is unclear. For example, the ERK pathway has been reported to be required by some investigators but inhibitory to chondrocyte development by others. Moreover, how(More)
Long bone growth results from ordered chondrocyte development within the cartilagenous growth plate. Chondrocytes are recruited from a resting pool to proliferate along the long axis of the bone, until various signals trigger differentiation and hypertrophy. We have shown previously that the neurotrophin receptor TrkB is expressed in growth plate(More)