Michele Ostrowski

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RATIONALE The mechanism leading to increased risk of stroke in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is unknown. It may occur through alteration in the regulation of cerebral blood flow, reflected in part by the response of the cerebral vasculature to hypoxia. We hypothesized that the cerebrovascular response to hypoxia is reduced in patients with(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Certain respiratory control characteristics determine whether patients with collapsible upper airway develop stable or unstable breathing during sleep, thereby influencing the severity of obstructive apnea (OSA). These include arousal threshold (T(A)), response to transient hypoxia and hypercapnia (Dynamic Response) and the increase in(More)
It is generally believed that reflex recruitment of pharyngeal dilator muscles is insufficient to open the airway of obstructive apnea (OSA) patients once it is closed and, therefore, that arousal is required. Yet arousal promotes recurrence of obstruction. There is no information about how much dilator [genioglossus (GG)] activation is required to open the(More)
The response to chemical stimuli (chemical responsiveness) and the increases in respiratory drive required for arousal (arousal threshold) and for opening the airway without arousal (effective recruitment threshold) are important determinants of ventilatory instability and, hence, severity of obstructive apnea. We measured these variables in 21 obstructive(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To develop and validate an algorithm that provides a continuous estimate of sleep depth from the electroencephalogram (EEG). DESIGN Retrospective analysis of polysomnograms. SETTING Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS 114 patients who underwent clinical polysomnography in sleep centers at the University of Manitoba (n = 58) and the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The visual appearance of cortical arousals varies considerably, from barely meeting scoring criteria to very intense arousals. Arousal from sleep is associated with an increase in heart rate (HR). Our objective was to quantify the intensity of arousals in an objective manner using the time and frequency characteristics of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess whether the cerebrovascular response to hypercapnia is blunted in OSA patients and if this could alter the ventilatory response to hypercapnia before and after CPAP therapy. We measured the cerebrovascular, cardiovascular and ventilatory responses to hypercapnia in 8 patients with OSA (apnoea-hypopnoea index=101+/-10)(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Subjects with a collapsible upper airway must activate their pharyngeal dilators sufficiently in response to increasing chemical drive if they are to maintain airway patency without arousal from sleep. Little is known about the response of pharyngeal dilators to increasing chemical drive in these subjects. We wished to determine, in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Arousal intensity and heart rate (HR) response to arousal during polysomnography (PSG) vary considerably between patients with sleep disorders. Our objective was to determine the range of these arousal characteristics in healthy young adults and whether they are consistent on repeated testing. DESIGN Post hoc analysis of 56 preexisting(More)