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— This paper describes an algorithm for still image compression called B-tree triangular coding (BTTC). The coding scheme is based on the recursive decomposition of the image domain into right-angled triangles arranged in a binary tree. The method is attractive because of its fast encoding, O(n log n), and decoding, 2(n), where n is the number of pixels,(More)
Iannarelli's studies showed that ear shape can be considered a biometric identifier able to authenticate people as well as more established biometrics like face or voice, for instance. However, very few researches can be found in literature about ear recognition. In most cases techniques already working in other biometric fields, such as PCA (Principal(More)
Fractals can be an effective approach for several applications other than image coding and transmission: database indexing, texture mapping, and even pattern recognition problems such as writer authentication. However, fractal-based algorithms are strongly asymmetric because, in spite of the linearity of the decoding phase, the coding process is much more(More)
Government agencies are investing a considerable amount of resources into improving security systems as result of recent terrorist events that dangerously exposed flaws and weaknesses in today's safety mechanisms. Badge or password-based authentication procedures are too easy to hack. Biometrics represents a valid alternative but they suffer of drawbacks as(More)
Fractal image compression has received much attention from the research community because of some desirable properties like resolution independence, fast decoding, and very competitive rate-distortion curves. Despite the advances made, the long computing times in the encoding phase still remain the main drawback of this technique. So far, several methods(More)
—Research on biometrics has noticeably increased. However, no single bodily or behavioral feature is able to satisfy acceptability, speed, and reliability constraints of authentication in real applications. The present trend is therefore toward multimodal systems. In this paper, we deal with some core issues related to the design of these systems and(More)