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We examine the number of queries to input variables that a quantum algorithm requires to compute Boolean functions on {0,1}<i><sup>N</sup></i> in the <i>black-box</i> model. We show that the exponential quantum speed-up obtained for <i>partial</i> functions (i.e., problems involving a promise on the input) by Deutsch and Jozsa, Simon, and Shor cannot be(More)
In this paper, we show the equivalence of the set of unitaries computable by the circuits over the Clifford and T library and the set of unitaries over the ring Z[ 1 √ 2 , i], in the single-qubit case. We report an efficient synthesis algorithm, with an exact optimality guarantee on the number of Hadamard and T gates used. We conjecture that the equivalence(More)
We present an algorithm for computing depth-optimal decompositions of logical operations, leveraging a meet-in-the-middle technique to provide a significant speed-up over simple brute force algorithms. As an illustration of our method we implemented this algorithm and found factorizations of the commonly used quantum logical operations into elementary gates(More)
A quantum computer can efficiently find the order of an element in a group, factors of composite integers, discrete logarithms, sta-bilisers in Abelian groups, and hidden or unknown subgroups of Abelian groups. It is already known how to phrase the first four problems as the estimation of eigenvalues of certain unitary operators. Here we show how the(More)