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Formoterol is a beta(2)-agonist bronchodilator that combines a fast onset of action with a long duration of broncholytic effect. An increasing documentation is showing that the combination of a long acting beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonist bronchodilator and an inhaled corticosteroid targets the airways obstruction in patients with COPD. In this study, we have(More)
We studied the urinary excretion of the isoprostane 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha) as an index of in vivo oxidant stress, and the production of leukotriene (LT) B(4) (LTB(4)) by neutrophils in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and normal subjects. Overnight urinary excretion of the isoprostane was significantly higher in patients(More)
The aim of this double-blind, double-dummy, crossover, randomised, pilot study was to explore the acute effects of adding salmeterol and tiotropium in patients with stable COPD. A total of 20 outpatients with stable COPD were enrolled. Single doses of 18-microg tiotropium, 50-microg salmeterol, and 18-microg tiotropium+ 50-microg salmeterol were given.(More)
BACKGROUND Few prospective studies have evaluated the role of endobronchial needle aspiration in diagnosing central airways neoplasms. Rapid on-site evaluation has long been used in transbronchial needle aspiration of adenopathies and peripheral lesions, but its role in sampling central malignancies has not been substantiated yet. OBJECTIVES In this study(More)
Increase in pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), which is common in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a predictor of mortality independent of airflow limitation. beta-agonists might slightly attenuate this increase because they exert a vasodilating effect on pulmonary circulation when systematically administered. We have investigated the(More)
We studied the urinary excretion of the isoprostane 8-iso-Prostaglandin F 2α , as an index of in vivo oxidant stress, and the production of leukotriene B 4 (LTB 4) by neutrophils in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and normal subjects. Overnight urinary excretion of the isoprostane resulted significantly higher in COPD patients than in controls,(More)
OBJECTIVES Point-of-care lung sonography has theoretical usefulness in numerous diseases; however clinical indications and the impact of this technique have not been fully investigated. We aimed to describe the current use of point-of-care lung sonography. METHODS A 2-year prospective observational study was performed by pulmonologists in an Italian(More)
Lung volume reduction coil (LVRC) treatment is a minimally-invasive technique planned to achieve an improvement of exercise capacity and pulmonary function in subjects with advanced emphysema and hyperinflation. It has been proposed together with other bronchoscopic lung volume reduction approaches to reduce lung hyperinflation in emphysema as less invasive(More)
Fluoroscopy-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) has long been used in the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs), although its diagnostic performance varies considerably.We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the accuracy of TBNA in the diagnosis of PPLs, comparing its diagnostic yield with transbronchial biopsy(More)