Michele Milanese

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Patients with an autoimmune condition are known to be at higher risk of developing other autoimmune disorders. Type 1 diabetes may be associated with additional autoimmune disorders including autoimmune thyroid disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of thyroid autoantibodies in a group of children, adolescents, and young adults(More)
OBJECTIVE In our study we evaluated the frequency of three SNPs (-52 G/A, -44 C/G; -20 G/A) in the 5' UTR of DEFB-1 gene, in a cohort of 130 HIV-1 infected mothers and their children, collected by the Italian group SIGO in Obstetrics and Gynecology. METHODS The three SNPs (-52 G/A, -44 C/G; -20 G/A) in the 5' UTR of DEFB-1 gene were genotyped by direct(More)
We studied the association between high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and MBL2 functional polymorphisms in a group of 180 high-risk HPV-infected women and 180 healthy control subjects. The most frequent high-risk HPV genotypes were 16 (47.2%), 31 (11.7%), 33 (5%), and 18 (2.2%), respectively. Of the 180 HPV-infected women, 99 presented with(More)
We investigated whether there is a correlation between MBL2 polymorphisms and the host susceptibility to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cancer development. Toward this end, we analyzed MBL2 exon 1 polymorphisms in 172 women infected by strains of HPV that are associated with high-risk of cervical cancer development (or "high-risk" HPV infection),(More)
PROBLEM Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is an important component of the innate immunity, present at the mucosal level in vagina: a common pathogen's entry point. METHOD OF STUDY We used a rapid genotyping method based on melting temperature assay to search for three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the first exon of the MBL2 gene and we(More)
The pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not fully understood, but the majority of patients with HCC are associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) is a collectin that can act directly as opsonine or activate MBL-associated serine proteases (MASPs) thus initiating the(More)
In our case-control study we analyzed two functional IL18 gene promoter polymorphisms (-137G/C and -607C/A) and an additional polymorphism at position -656 (G/T) in Alzheimer patients and healthy controls in order to verify the involvement of these genetic variations in the onset of Alzheimer disease. No significant differences were detected for the three(More)
Relative resistance to HIV infection has been associated with genetic polymorphisms. Both single nucleotide polymorphisms and copy number variations (CNVs) have been documented for defensins, which are natural inhibitors of HIV infection. We tested the hypothesis that these CNVs may be related to susceptibility to HIV infection and vertical transmission by(More)
IL-18 is an important cytokine in both innate and acquired immunity. IL-18 promoter polymorphisms have been investigated in several autoimmune and infectious diseases. Here we present two assays for a medium to a high throughput genotyping of C-607A and G-137C IL-18 SNPs. Using these protocols we have been able to rapidly genotype a cohort of 131 healthy(More)