Michele Massaro

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We examined the effects of sleep microstructure, ie, the cyclic alternating pattern (CAP), on heart rate (HR)- and blood pressure (BP)-regulating mechanisms and on baroreflex control of HR in healthy humans and tested the hypothesis that sympathetic activation occurring in CAP epochs during non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep periods is buffered by the(More)
In anesthetized and deafferented rabbits, rhythmic and static contractions of the hindlimb muscles were elicited by stimulating the femoral nerve at 3 and 100 Hz with the intensity of 2.0-2.5 times threshold for the motor fibers. Rhythmic contractions caused a decrease in systemic blood pressure, heart rate, and vascular resistance of the resting hindlimb(More)
Cardiorespiratory reflex responses during the initial phase of dynamic and static contraction of hindlimb muscles were studied in anesthetized dogs. Muscle contractions were elicited by stimulating the femoral and gastrocnemius nerves at 3 and 100 Hz with the intensity of 2.0-2.5 times the motor threshold for a 20-s period. Rhythmic contractions caused a(More)
This brief review summarizes current knowledge on the neural mechanisms of cardiovascular regulation during exercise in space, with specific emphasis on the role of the arterial baroreflex and the muscle metaboreflex, with the attendant modifications in autonomic nervous system activity, in determining the cardiovascular responses to exercise in(More)
In anesthetized rabbits, rhythmic contractions of the gastrocnemius muscle elicited by stimulating the gastrocnemius nerves (40 trains/min of 0.5-ms rectangular pulses at 2.0-2.5 mult of motor threshold), increased pulmonary ventilation by increasing frequency (f). Expiratory duration (TE) was greatly reduced, while inspiratory time (TI) was much less(More)
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