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The increase in the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide is considered to be one of the main causes of global warming. As estimated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) criteria, about 10-15% of the gases emitted from the combustion coal being in the form of carbon dioxide. Microalgae and cyanobacteria can contribute to the(More)
CO(2) at different concentrations were added to cultures of the eukaryotic microalgae, Chlorella kessleri, C. vulgaris and Scenedesmus obliquus, and the prokaryotic cyanobacterium, Spirulina sp., growing in flasks and in a photobioreactor. In each case, the best kinetics and carbon fixation rate were with a vertical tubular photobioreactor. Overall,(More)
Nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary field that covers a vast and diverse array of devices derived from engineering, physics, chemistry, and biology. Nanotechnology has opened up by rapid advances in science and technology, creating new opportunities for advances in the fields of medicine, electronics, foods, and the environment. Nanoscale structures and(More)
Spirulina is a microalga which offers biological functions highly favorable for tissue engineering. Highly porous scaffolds can be produced by electrospinning containing biomass of Spirulina. The goal of this contribution was therefore to establish spinning conditions allowing to produce well defined nanofibers with diameters down to about 100 nm and to(More)
Microalgae are microorganisms that have different morphological, physiological, and genetic traits that confer the ability to produce different biologically active metabolites. Microalgal biotechnology has become a subject of study for various fields, due to the varied bioproducts that can be obtained from these microorganisms. When microalgal cultivation(More)
Mangueira Lagoon, located in the extreme south of Brazil, has water with physicochemical characteristics such as alkaline pH and carbonate levels propitious for the growth of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Previously published studies have shown that Mangueira Lagoon water supplemented with small quantities of carbon and nitrogen is suitable for S.(More)
We evaluated the kinetic culture characteristics of the microalgae Cyanobium sp. grown in vertical tubular photobioreactor in semicontinuous mode. Cultivation was carried out in vertical tubular photobioreactor for 2 L, in 57 d, at 30 °C, 3200 Lux, and 12 h light/dark photoperiod. The maximum specific growth rate was found as 0.127 d(-1), when the culture(More)
The combination of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and nanotechnology to promote tissue engineering presents a strategy for the creation of new substitutes for tissues. Aiming at the utilization of the scaffolds of poly-d,l-lactic acid (PDLLA) associated or not with Spirulina biomass (PDLLA/Sp) in skin wounds, MSCs were seeded onto nanofibers produced by(More)
Environmental changes that have occurred due to the use of fossil fuels have driven the search for alternative sources that have a lower environmental impact. First-generation biofuels were derived from crops such as sugar cane, corn and soybean, which contribute to water scarcity and deforestation. Second-generation biofuels originated from lignocellulose(More)
The concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere has increased from 280 to 400 ppm in the last 10 years, and the coal-fired power plants are responsible for approximately 22 % of these emissions. The burning of fossil fuel also produces a great amount of solid waste that causes serious industrial and environmental problems. The biological(More)