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A new analytical modelling approach to evaluate the impact of single event transients (SETs) on CMOS circuits has been developed. The model allows evaluation of transient pulse amplitude and width (duration) at the logic level, without the need to run circuit level (Spice-like) simulations. The SET mechanism in MOS circuits is normally investigated by(More)
Chromium(VI) is present in several industrial wastewaters and it can cause health and environmental hazards above certain concentrations. Equilibrium studies have shown the feasibility of using Sargassum sp. algae for chromium removal from aqueous solutions by biosorption. However, for the design and operation of chromium biosorption processes, dynamic flow(More)
In this paper, we propose a new approach for using Built-in Current Sensor (BICS) to detect not only transient upsets in sequential logic but also in combinational circuits. In this approach, the BICS is connected in the design bulk to increase its sensitivity to detect any current discrepancy that may occur during a charged particle strike. In addition,(More)
The single event upset (SEU) mechanism in MOS circuits is normally investigated by Spice-like circuit simulation. The problem is that electrical simulation is time consuming and must be performed for each different circuit topology, incident particle and track.This work presents an accurate and computer efficient analytical model for the evaluation of(More)
In this paper the kinetics and dynamics of nickel adsorption on calcined Bofe bentonite clay were studied. The clay was characterized through EDX, surface area (BET) and XRD analysis. The influence of parameters (pH, amount of adsorbent, adsorbate concentration and temperature) was investigated. Kinetic models were evaluated in order to identify potential(More)
Radiation effects, like Single Event Transients (SET), are increasingly affecting integrated circuits as device dimensions are scaling down. With decreasing dimensions and supply voltages, the charge used to store information decreases, turning the circuits more sensitive to the transient currents generated by energetic particle hits. This is particularly(More)
An accurate and computer efficient analytical model for the evaluation of integrated circuit sensitivity to radiation induced single event transients is presented. The key idea of the work is to exploit a model that allows the rapid determination of the sensitivity of any MOS circuit to single event transients (SETs), without the need to run circuit level(More)
Bentonite clays have been showing good adsorbing characteristics and are used as an alternative material in the removal of heavy metals. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the removal of nickel on Bofe bentonite calcined clay in porous bed. Firstly, a study was conducted to define the operation outflow, based on the minimum mass transfer zone (MTZ)(More)