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This study investigated coronary perfusion pressure, nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide production, nitrotyrosine (NT) formation, and cardiac cell apoptosis in isolated hearts perfused with high glucose concentration. Coronary perfusion pressure; NO and superoxide anion generation; immunostaining for NT, inducible NO synthase (iNOS), and the constitutive type(More)
We evaluated the role of sterol-regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1c/peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) pathway on heart lipotoxicity in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) and aortic stenosis (AS). Echocardiographic parameters of heart function and structural alterations of LV specimens were studied in patients with (n(More)
Investigation of the mechanisms activated by endogenous inhibitory pathways can lead to identification of novel targets for cardiovascular inflammatory pathologies. Here we exploited the potential protective role that melanocortin receptor type 3 (MC3-R) activation might play in a myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury model. In resting conditions, mouse(More)
BACKGROUND Chronically administered ouabain increases the content of ouabain in several brain areas that are closely related to central cardiovascular regulation. However, the pattern of central changes induced by chronic infusion of ouabain is not completely understood. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether chronic peripheral ouabain treatment affects the(More)
Recent interest in the annexin 1 field has come from the notion that specific G-protein-coupled receptors, members of the formyl-peptide receptor (FPR) family, appear to mediate the anti-inflammatory actions of this endogenous mediator. Administration of the annexin 1 N-terminal derived peptide Ac2-26 to mice after 25 min ischemia significantly attenuated(More)
A series of imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-2-carboxylic acids, esters and amides was synthesized and tested for antiinflammatory, analgesic and ulcerogenic activities. The ethyl esters were prepared by cyclocondensation of some 3-aminopyridazines with ethyl bromopyruvate, followed by hydrolysis or ammonolysis in order to obtain the corresponding acids and amides.(More)
The aim of this study was to demonstrate paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) involvement in the cardiovascular changes induced by N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) microinjections at the level of periaqueductal grey (PAG) matter. The study was carried out in anaesthetized rats and the arterial blood pressure monitored by a polygraph. NMDA injections(More)
This study investigated the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and the endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in diabetic streptozotocin (STZ)-hyperglycemic rats. STZ-hyperglycemic rats had impaired levels of the enzyme HO-1 within the ciliary bodies if compared with the nondiabetic rats. STZ-hyperglycemic rats also predisposed the eye to produce high levels of both the(More)
Rats receiving daily intraperitoneal administration of O2 and running on a treadmill covered an average distance of 482.8 ± 21.8 m/week as calculated during 5-week observation. This distance was increased in rats receiving daily intraperitoneal administration of an oxygen/O3 mixture at a dose of 100; 150; and 300 μg/kg with the maximum increase being +34.5%(More)
Myocardial reperfusion injury is associated with the infiltration of blood-borne polymorphonuclear leukocytes. We have previous described the protection afforded by annexin 1 (ANXA1) in an experimental model of rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We examined the 1) amino acid region of ANXA1 that retained the protective effect in a model of rat(More)