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We study the adversarial satisfiability problem, where the adversary can choose whether variables are negated in clauses or not in order to make the resulting formula unsatisfiable. This is one case of a general class of adversarial optimization problems that often arise in practice and are algorithmically much harder than the standard optimization… (More)

In bacteria such as Escherichia coli, DNA is compacted into a nucleoid near the cell center, whereas ribosomes-molecular complexes that translate mRNAs into proteins-are mainly localized to the poles. We study the impact of this spatial organization using a minimal reaction-diffusion model for the cellular transcriptional-translational machinery. Although… (More)

We present a numerical study of an Ising spin glass with hierarchical interactions--the hierarchical Edwards-Anderson model with an external magnetic field (HEA). We study the model with Monte Carlo (MC) simulations in the mean-field (MF) and non-mean-field (NMF) regions corresponding to d ≥ 4 and d < 4 for the d-dimensional ferromagnetic Ising model… (More)

This Article contains a typographical error in the Introduction section. although the existence of a such a transition below the upper critical dimension is still under debate 16,17. should read: although the existence of such a transition below the upper critical dimension is still under debate 16,17. In addition, there are errors in the following… (More)

When birds come together to form a flock, the distribution of their individual velocities narrows around the mean velocity of the flock. We argue that, in a broad class of models for the joint distribution of positions and velocities, this narrowing generates an entropic force that opposes the cohesion of the flock. The strength of this force depends… (More)

We study the probability distribution of the pseudocritical temperature in a mean-field and in a short-range spin-glass model: the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick and the Edwards-Anderson (EA) model. In both cases, we put in evidence the underlying connection between the fluctuations of the pseudocritical point and the extreme value statistics of random variables.… (More)

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