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Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) are a class of emerging environmental pollutants with the potential of affecting various aquatic organisms through unexpected modes of action. Triclosan (2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether) (TCS), is a common antibacterial agent that is found in significant amounts in the aquatic environment. In this(More)
The pineal gland hormone melatonin has been recently described to downregulate the intrinsic (or damage-induced) pathway of apoptosis in human leukocytes. These properties appear to depend on a specific mitochondrial signaling of melatonin which is associated with a lower generation of reactive oxygen species and a better control of redox-sensitive(More)
Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) are almost ubiquitous in the aquatic environment. In the marine bivalve Mytilus the natural estrogen 17beta-estradiol (E2) and different EDCs have been recently demonstrated to affect the function of the immune cells, the hemocytes. The effects were Tamoxifen-sensitive and were mediated by rapid modulation of(More)
In this work the mechanisms of transduction triggered in Mytilus galloprovincialis hemocytes by bacterial challenge were investigated in an in vitro model of infection of hemocyte monolayers with Escherichia coli. Western blot analyses of hemocyte extracts with phospho-specific anti-MAPK (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase) antibodies indicate that E. coli(More)
Besides its well-known regulatory role on circadian rhythm, the pineal gland hormone melatonin has other biological functions and a distinct metabolism in various cell types and peripheral tissues. In different tissues and organs, melatonin has been described to act as a paracrine and also as an intracrine and autocrine agent with overall homeostatic(More)
Marine bivalves accumulate large amounts of bacteria from the environment (mainly Vibrionaceae and coliforms). Although persistence of different bacteria in bivalve tissues largely depends on their sensitivity to the bactericidal activity of circulating haemocytes and haemolymph soluble factors, the mechanisms involved in bacteria-host cell interactions in(More)
It is known that gamma-tocopherol inhibits human prostate cancer cell proliferation via down-regulation of cyclin-related signalling but tocopherol and tocotrienol metabolites with a shortened phytyl chain, carboxyethyl hydroxychromans, were not previously investigated as anti-proliferative agents. In this study, the effect of the two main tocopherols,(More)
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) include a variety of natural and synthetic estrogens, as well as estrogen-mimicking chemicals. We have previously shown that in the hemocytes of the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam. both natural and environmental estrogens in vitro can rapidly affect the phosphorylation state of components of tyrosine(More)
In mussel (Mytilus sp.) hemocytes, differential functional responses to injection with different types of live and heat-killed Vibrio species have been recently demonstrated. In this work, responses of Mytilus hemocytes to heat-killed Vibrio splendidus LGP32 and the mechanisms involved were investigated in vitro and the results were compared with those(More)
Vitamin E (as α-tocopherol, α-T) is proposed to alleviate glia-mediated inflammation in neurological diseases, but such a role in epilepsy is still elusive. This study investigated the effect of α-T supplementation on glial activation, neuronal cell death and oxidative stress of rat brain exposed to kainate-induced seizures. Animals were fed for 2 weeks(More)