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Paraoxonase (PON) gene polymorphisms have been associated with susceptibility to sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We have investigated the role of the previously associated single nucleotide polymorphisms rs854560, rs662, and rs6954345 in 350 ALS patients and 376 matched controls from Italy. No significant association was observed at genotype(More)
INTRODUCTION Many studies have found an association between altered telomere length (TL), both attrition or elongation, and cancer phenotype. Recently, we have reported that patients with the familial form of papillary thyroid cancer (FPTC) have short telomeres in blood leucocytes. AIM To evaluate relative TL (RTL) at somatic level in neoplastic and(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, fatal neurodegenerative disorder. Since no diagnostic laboratory test exists, the identification of specific biomarkers could be fundamental in clinical practice. microRNAs (miRNAs) are considered promising biomarkers for neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of the study was to identify a CSF miRNA set(More)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease associated with a positive familial history in 5-10% of ALS cases. Mutations in the superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) gene have been found in 12%-23% of patients diagnosed with familial ALS. Here we report a novel mutation in exon 4 of SOD1 gene in a 55-year-old ALS patient belonging to a large(More)
The c.677C>T polymorphism in the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) has been recently associated with susceptibility to sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We have investigated this association in 450 ALS patients and 700 control subjects from Italy. No significant association was observed at the genotype and allelic level,(More)
BACKGROUND The occurrence of familial papillary thyroid cancer (FPTC) is well established but no susceptibility genes for this disease have been discovered. Our group has recently demonstrated that patients with FPTC have shorter telomeres, not associated with mutations in telomerase reverse transcriptase, gene than patients with sporadic papillary thyroid(More)
Mutations in the superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) gene have been found in 12-23% of patients with a diagnosis of ALS. Although the mechanism by which mutant SOD1 causes neural death remains elusive, several lines of evidence suggest that ALS is a protein-folding disease. Here we report a novel missense mutation in exon 1 of the SOD1 gene in a 68-year-old(More)
Chromogranins were reported to interact specifically with mutant forms of superoxide dismutase that are linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Particularly, a variation c.1238C>T (p.Pro413Leu) in the chromogranin B gene, CHGB, has been associated with an earlier age at onset in both familial and sporadic ALS in French/French-Canadian populations(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine expressed in many different cell types and implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. Variable Number of Tandem Repeat (VNTR) CATT5-8 at position -794 in the promoter of the MIF gene has been associated with several human pathological(More)
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